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RESEARCH REPORT ABOUT KYBER NETWORK

RESEARCH REPORT ABOUT KYBER NETWORK
Author: Gamals Ahmed, CoinEx Business Ambassador

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ABSTRACT

In this research report, we present a study on Kyber Network. Kyber Network is a decentralized, on-chain liquidity protocol designed to make trading tokens simple, efficient, robust and secure.
Kyber design allows any party to contribute to an aggregated pool of liquidity within each blockchain while providing a single endpoint for takers to execute trades using the best rates available. We envision a connected liquidity network that facilitates seamless, decentralized cross-chain token swaps across Kyber based networks on different chains.
Kyber is a fully on-chain liquidity protocol that enables decentralized exchange of cryptocurrencies in any application. Liquidity providers (Reserves) are integrated into one single endpoint for takers and users. When a user requests a trade, the protocol will scan the entire network to find the reserve with the best price and take liquidity from that particular reserve.

1.INTRODUCTION

DeFi applications all need access to good liquidity sources, which is a critical component to provide good services. Currently, decentralized liquidity is comprised of various sources including DEXes (Uniswap, OasisDEX, Bancor), decentralized funds and other financial apps. The more scattered the sources, the harder it becomes for anyone to either find the best rate for their trade or to even find enough liquidity for their need.
Kyber is a blockchain-based liquidity protocol that aggregates liquidity from a wide range of reserves, powering instant and secure token exchange in any decentralized application.
The protocol allows for a wide range of implementation possibilities for liquidity providers, allowing a wide range of entities to contribute liquidity, including end users, decentralized exchanges and other decentralized protocols. On the taker side, end users, cryptocurrency wallets, and smart contracts are able to perform instant and trustless token trades at the best rates available amongst the sources.
The Kyber Network is project based on the Ethereum protocol that seeks to completely decentralize the exchange of crypto currencies and make exchange trustless by keeping everything on the blockchain.
Through the Kyber Network, users should be able to instantly convert or exchange any crypto currency.

1.1 OVERVIEW ABOUT KYBER NETWORK PROTOCOL

The Kyber Network is a decentralized way to exchange ETH and different ERC20 tokens instantly — no waiting and no registration needed.
Using this protocol, developers can build innovative payment flows and applications, including instant token swap services, ERC20 payments, and financial DApps — helping to build a world where any token is usable anywhere.
Kyber’s fully on-chain design allows for full transparency and verifiability in the matching engine, as well as seamless composability with DApps, not all of which are possible with off-chain or hybrid approaches. The integration of a large variety of liquidity providers also makes Kyber uniquely capable of supporting sophisticated schemes and catering to the needs of DeFi DApps and financial institutions. Hence, many developers leverage Kyber’s liquidity pool to build innovative financial applications, and not surprisingly, Kyber is the most used DeFi protocol in the world.
The Kyber Network is quite an established project that is trying to change the way we think of decentralised crypto currency exchange.
The Kyber Network has seen very rapid development. After being announced in May 2017 the testnet for the Kyber Network went live in August 2017. An ICO followed in September 2017, with the company raising 200,000 ETH valued at $60 million in just one day.
The live main net was released in February 2018 to whitelisted participants, and on March 19, 2018, the Kyber Network opened the main net as a public beta. Since then the network has seen increasing growth, with network volumes growing more than 500% in the first half of 2019.
Although there was a modest decrease in August 2019 that can be attributed to the price of ETH dropping by 50%, impacting the overall total volumes being traded and processed globally.
They are developing a decentralised exchange protocol that will allow developers to build payment flows and financial apps. This is indeed quite a competitive market as a number of other such protocols have been launched.
In Brief - Kyber Network is a tool that allows anyone to swap tokens instantly without having to use exchanges. - It allows vendors to accept different types of cryptocurrency while still being paid in their preferred crypto of choice. - It’s built primarily for Ethereum, but any smart-contract based blockchain can incorporate it.
At its core, Kyber is a decentralized way to exchange ETH and different ERC20 tokens instantly–no waiting and no registration needed. To do this Kyber uses a diverse set of liquidity pools, or pools of different crypto assets called “reserves” that any project can tap into or integrate with.
A typical use case would be if a vendor allowed customers to pay in whatever currency they wish, but receive the payment in their preferred token. Another example would be for Dapp users. At present, if you are not a token holder of a certain Dapp you can’t use it. With Kyber, you could use your existing tokens, instantly swap them for the Dapp specific token and away you go.
All this swapping happens directly on the Ethereum blockchain, meaning every transaction is completely transparent.

1.1.1 WHY BUILD THE KYBER NETWORK?

While crypto currencies were built to be decentralized, many of the exchanges for trading crypto currencies have become centralized affairs. This has led to security vulnerabilities, with many exchanges becoming the victims of hacking and theft.
It has also led to increased fees and costs, and the centralized exchanges often come with slow transfer times as well. In some cases, wallets have been locked and users are unable to withdraw their coins.
Decentralized exchanges have popped up recently to address the flaws in the centralized exchanges, but they have their own flaws, most notably a lack of liquidity, and often times high costs to modify trades in their on-chain order books.

Some of the Integrations with Kyber Protocol
The Kyber Network was formed to provide users with a decentralized exchange that keeps everything right on the blockchain, and uses a reserve system rather than an order book to provide high liquidity at all times. This will allow for the exchange and transfer of any cryptocurrency, even cross exchanges, and costs will be kept at a minimum as well.
The Kyber Network has three guiding design philosophies since the start:
  1. To be most useful the network needs to be platform-agnostic, which allows any protocol or application the ability to take advantage of the liquidity provided by the Kyber Network without any impact on innovation.
  2. The network was designed to make real-world commerce and decentralized financial products not only possible but also feasible. It does this by allowing for instant token exchange across a wide range of tokens, and without any settlement risk.
  3. The Kyber Network was created with ease of integration as a priority, which is why everything runs fully on-chain and fully transparent. Kyber is not only developer-friendly, but is also compatible with a wide variety of systems.

1.1.2 WHO INVENTED KYBER?

Kyber’s founders are Loi Luu, Victor Tran, Yaron Velner — CEO, CTO, and advisor to the Kyber Network.

1.1.3 WHAT DISTINGUISHES KYBER?

Kyber’s mission has always been to integrate with other protocols so they’ve focused on being developer-friendly by providing architecture to allow anyone to incorporate the technology onto any smart-contract powered blockchain. As a result, a variety of different dapps, vendors, and wallets use Kyber’s infrastructure including Set Protocol, bZx, InstaDApp, and Coinbase wallet.
Besides, dapps, vendors, and wallets, Kyber also integrates with other exchanges such as Uniswap — sharing liquidity pools between the two protocols.
A typical use case would be if a vendor allowed customers to pay in whatever currency they wish, but receive the payment in their preferred token. Another example would be for Dapp users. At present, if you are not a token holder of a certain Dapp you can’t use it. With Kyber, you could use your existing tokens, instantly swap them for the Dapp specific token and away you go.
Limit orders on Kyber allow users to set a specific price in which they would like to exchange a token instead of accepting whatever price currently exists at the time of trading. However, unlike with other exchanges, users never lose custody of their crypto assets during limit orders on Kyber.
The Kyber protocol works by using pools of crypto funds called “reserves”, which currently support over 70 different ERC20 tokens. Reserves are essentially smart contracts with a pool of funds. Different parties with different prices and levels of funding control all reserves. Instead of using order books to match buyers and sellers to return the best price, the Kyber protocol looks at all the reserves and returns the best price among the different reserves. Reserves make money on the “spread” or differences between the buying and selling prices. The Kyber wants any token holder to easily convert one token to another with a minimum of fuss.

1.2 KYBER PROTOCOL

The protocol smart contracts offer a single interface for the best available token exchange rates to be taken from an aggregated liquidity pool across diverse sources. ● Aggregated liquidity pool. The protocol aggregates various liquidity sources into one liquidity pool, making it easy for takers to find the best rates offered with one function call. ● Diverse sources of liquidity. The protocol allows different types of liquidity sources to be plugged into. Liquidity providers may employ different strategies and different implementations to contribute liquidity to the protocol. ● Permissionless. The protocol is designed to be permissionless where any developer can set up various types of reserves, and any end user can contribute liquidity. Implementations need to take into consideration various security vectors, such as reserve spamming, but can be mitigated through a staking mechanism. We can expect implementations to be permissioned initially until the maintainers are confident about these considerations.
The core feature that the Kyber protocol facilitates is the token swap between taker and liquidity sources. The protocol aims to provide the following properties for token trades: ● Instant Settlement. Takers do not have to wait for their orders to be fulfilled, since trade matching and settlement occurs in a single blockchain transaction. This enables trades to be part of a series of actions happening in a single smart contract function. ● Atomicity. When takers make a trade request, their trade either gets fully executed, or is reverted. This “all or nothing” aspect means that takers are not exposed to the risk of partial trade execution. ● Public rate verification. Anyone can verify the rates that are being offered by reserves and have their trades instantly settled just by querying from the smart contracts. ● Ease of integration. Trustless and atomic token trades can be directly and easily integrated into other smart contracts, thereby enabling multiple trades to be performed in a smart contract function.
How each actor works is specified in Section Network Actors. 1. Takers refer to anyone who can directly call the smart contract functions to trade tokens, such as end-users, DApps, and wallets. 2. Reserves refer to anyone who wishes to provide liquidity. They have to implement the smart contract functions defined in the reserve interface in order to be registered and have their token pairs listed. 3. Registered reserves refer to those that will be cycled through for matching taker requests. 4. Maintainers refer to anyone who has permission to access the functions for the adding/removing of reserves and token pairs, such as a DAO or the team behind the protocol implementation. 5. In all, they comprise of the network, which refers to all the actors involved in any given implementation of the protocol.
The protocol implementation needs to have the following: 1. Functions for takers to check rates and execute the trades 2. Functions for the maintainers to registeremove reserves and token pairs 3. Reserve interface that defines the functions reserves needs to implement
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1.3 KYBER CORE SMART CONTRACTS

Kyber Core smart contracts is an implementation of the protocol that has major protocol functions to allow actors to join and interact with the network. For example, the Kyber Core smart contracts provide functions for the listing and delisting of reserves and trading pairs by having clear interfaces for the reserves to comply to be able to register to the network and adding support for new trading pairs. In addition, the Kyber Core smart contracts also provide a function for takers to query the best rate among all the registered reserves, and perform the trades with the corresponding rate and reserve. A trading pair consists of a quote token and any other token that the reserve wishes to support. The quote token is the token that is either traded from or to for all trades. For example, the Ethereum implementation of the Kyber protocol uses Ether as the quote token.
In order to search for the best rate, all reserves supporting the requested token pair will be iterated through. Hence, the Kyber Core smart contracts need to have this search algorithm implemented.
The key functions implemented in the Kyber Core Smart Contracts are listed in Figure 2 below. We will visit and explain the implementation details and security considerations of each function in the Specification Section.

1.4 HOW KYBER’S ON-CHAIN PROTOCOL WORKS?

Kyber is the liquidity infrastructure for decentralized finance. Kyber aggregates liquidity from diverse sources into a pool, which provides the best rates for takers such as DApps, Wallets, DEXs, and End users.

1.4.1 PROVIDING LIQUIDITY AS A RESERVE

Anyone can operate a Kyber Reserve to market make for profit and make their tokens available for DApps in the ecosystem. Through an open reserve architecture, individuals, token teams and professional market makers can contribute token assets to Kyber’s liquidity pool and earn from the spread in every trade. These tokens become available at the best rates across DApps that tap into the network, making them instantly more liquid and useful.
MAIN RESERVE TYPES Kyber currently has over 45 reserves in its network providing liquidity. There are 3 main types of reserves that allow different liquidity contribution options to suit the unique needs of different providers. 1. Automated Price Reserves (APR) — Allows token teams and users with large token holdings to have an automated yet customized pricing system with low maintenance costs. Synthetix and Melon are examples of teams that run APRs. 2. Fed Price Reserves (FPR) — Operated by professional market makers that require custom and advanced pricing strategies tailored to their specific needs. Kyber alongside reserves such as OneBit, runs FPRs. 3. Bridge Reserves (BR) — These are specialized reserves meant to bring liquidity from other on-chain liquidity providers like Uniswap, Oasis, DutchX, and Bancor into the network.

1.5 KYBER NETWORK ROLES

There Kyber Network functions through coordination between several different roles and functions as explained below: - Users — This entity uses the Kyber Network to send and receive tokens. A user can be an individual, a merchant, and even a smart contract account. - Reserve Entities — This role is used to add liquidity to the platform through the dynamic reserve pool. Some reserve entities are internal to the Kyber Network, but others may be registered third parties. Reserve entities may be public if the public contributes to the reserves they hold, otherwise they are considered private. By allowing third parties as reserve entities the network adds diversity, which prevents monopolization and keeps exchange rates competitive. Allowing third party reserve entities also allows for the listing of less popular coins with lower volumes. - Reserve Contributors — Where reserve entities are classified as public, the reserve contributor is the entity providing reserve funds. Their incentive for doing so is a profit share from the reserve. - The Reserve Manager — Maintains the reserve, calculates exchange rates and enters them into the network. The reserve manager profits from exchange spreads set by them on their reserves. They can also benefit from increasing volume by accessing the entire Kyber Network. - The Kyber Network Operator — Currently the Kyber Network team is filling the role of the network operator, which has a function to adds/remove Reserve Entities as well as controlling the listing of tokens. Eventually, this role will revert to a proper decentralized governance.

1.6 BASIC TOKEN TRADE

A basic token trade is one that has the quote token as either the source or destination token of the trade request. The execution flow of a basic token trade is depicted in the diagram below, where a taker would like to exchange BAT tokens for ETH as an example. The trade happens in a single blockchain transaction. 1. Taker sends 1 ETH to the protocol contract, and would like to receive BAT in return. 2. Protocol contract queries the first reserve for its ETH to BAT exchange rate. 3. Reserve 1 offers an exchange rate of 1 ETH for 800 BAT. 4. Protocol contract queries the second reserve for its ETH to BAT exchange rate. 5. Reserve 2 offers an exchange rate of 1 ETH for 820 BAT. 6. This process goes on for the other reserves. After the iteration, reserve 2 is discovered to have offered the best ETH to BAT exchange rate. 7. Protocol contract sends 1 ETH to reserve 2. 8. The reserve sends 820 BAT to the taker.

1.7 TOKEN-TO-TOKEN TRADE

A token-to-token trade is one where the quote token is neither the source nor the destination token of the trade request. The exchange flow of a token to token trade is depicted in the diagram below, where a taker would like to exchange BAT tokens for DAI as an example. The trade happens in a single blockchain transaction. 1. Taker sends 50 BAT to the protocol contract, and would like to receive DAI in return. 2. Protocol contract sends 50 BAT to the reserve offering the best BAT to ETH rate. 3. Protocol contract receives 1 ETH in return. 4. Protocol contract sends 1 ETH to the reserve offering the best ETH to DAI rate. 5. Protocol contract receives 30 DAI in return. 6. Protocol contract sends 30 DAI to the user.

2.KYBER NETWORK CRYSTAL (KNC) TOKEN

Kyber Network Crystal (KNC) is an ERC-20 utility token and an integral part of Kyber Network.
KNC is the first deflationary staking token where staking rewards and token burns are generated from actual network usage and growth in DeFi.
The Kyber Network Crystal (KNC) is the backbone of the Kyber Network. It works to connect liquidity providers and those who need liquidity and serves three distinct purposes. The first of these is to collect transaction fees, and a portion of every fee collected is burned, which keeps KNC deflationary. Kyber Network Crystals (KNC), are named after the crystals in Star Wars used to power light sabers.
The KNC also ensures the smooth operation of the reserve system in the Kyber liquidity since entities must use third-party tokens to buy the KNC that pays for their operations in the network.
KNC allows token holders to play a critical role in determining the incentive system, building a wide base of stakeholders, and facilitating economic flow in the network. A small fee is charged each time a token exchange happens on the network, and KNC holders get to vote on this fee model and distribution, as well as other important decisions. Over time, as more trades are executed, additional fees will be generated for staking rewards and reserve rebates, while more KNC will be burned. - Participation rewards — KNC holders can stake KNC in the KyberDAO and vote on key parameters. Voters will earn staking rewards (in ETH) - Burning — Some of the network fees will be burned to reduce KNC supply permanently, providing long-term value accrual from decreasing supply. - Reserve incentives — KNC holders determine the portion of network fees that are used as rebates for selected liquidity providers (reserves) based on their volume performance.

Finally, the KNC token is the connection between the Kyber Network and the exchanges, wallets, and dApps that leverage the liquidity network. This is a virtuous system since entities are rewarded with referral fees for directing more users to the Kyber Network, which helps increase adoption for Kyber and for the entities using the Network.
And of course there will soon be a fourth and fifth uses for the KNC, which will be as a staking token used to generate passive income, as well as a governance token used to vote on key parameters of the network.
The Kyber Network Crystal (KNC) was released in a September 2017 ICO at a price around $1. There were 226,000,000 KNC minted for the ICO, with 61% sold to the public. The remaining 39% are controlled 50/50 by the company and the founders/advisors, with a 1 year lockup period and 2 year vesting period.
Currently, just over 180 million coins are in circulation, and the total supply has been reduced to 210.94 million after the company burned 1 millionth KNC token in May 2019 and then its second millionth KNC token just three months later.
That means that while it took 15 months to burn the first million KNC, it took just 10 weeks to burn the second million KNC. That shows how rapidly adoption has been growing recently for Kyber, with July 2019 USD trading volumes on the Kyber Network nearly reaching $60 million. This volume has continued growing, and on march 13, 2020 the network experienced its highest daily trading activity of $33.7 million in a 24-hour period.
Currently KNC is required by Reserve Managers to operate on the network, which ensures a minimum amount of demand for the token. Combined with future plans for burning coins, price is expected to maintain an upward bias, although it has suffered along with the broader market in 2018 and more recently during the summer of 2019.
It was unfortunate in 2020 that a beginning rally was cut short by the coronavirus pandemic, although the token has stabilized as of April 2020, and there are hopes the rally could resume in the summer of 2020.

2.1 HOW ARE KNC TOKENS PRODUCED?

The native token of Kyber is called Kyber Network Crystals (KNC). All reserves are required to pay fees in KNC for the right to manage reserves. The KNC collected as fees are either burned and taken out of the total supply or awarded to integrated dapps as an incentive to help them grow.

2.2 HOW DO YOU GET HOLD OF KNC TOKENS?

Kyber Swap can be used to buy ETH directly using a credit card, which can then be used to swap for KNC. Besides Kyber itself, exchanges such as Binance, Huobi, and OKex trade KNC.

2.3 WHAT CAN YOU DO WITH KYBER?

The most direct and basic function of Kyber is for instantly swapping tokens without registering an account, which anyone can do using an Etheruem wallet such as MetaMask. Users can also create their own reserves and contribute funds to a reserve, but that process is still fairly technical one–something Kyber is working on making easier for users in the future.

2.4 THE GOAL OF KYBER THE FUTURE

The goal of Kyber in the coming years is to solidify its position as a one-stop solution for powering liquidity and token swapping on Ethereum. Kyber plans on a major protocol upgrade called Katalyst, which will create new incentives and growth opportunities for all stakeholders in their ecosystem, especially KNC holders. The upgrade will mean more use cases for KNC including to use KNC to vote on governance decisions through a decentralized organization (DAO) called the KyberDAO.
With our upcoming Katalyst protocol upgrade and new KNC model, Kyber will provide even more benefits for stakeholders. For instance, reserves will no longer need to hold a KNC balance for fees, removing a major friction point, and there will be rebates for top performing reserves. KNC holders can also stake their KNC to participate in governance and receive rewards.

2.5 BUYING & STORING KNC

Those interested in buying KNC tokens can do so at a number of exchanges. Perhaps your best bet between the complete list is the likes of Coinbase Pro and Binance. The former is based in the USA whereas the latter is an offshore exchange.
The trading volume is well spread out at these exchanges, which means that the liquidity is not concentrated and dependent on any one exchange. You also have decent liquidity on each of the exchange books. For example, the Binance BTC / KNC books are wide and there is decent turnover. This means easier order execution.
KNC is an ERC20 token and can be stored in any wallet with ERC20 support, such as MyEtherWallet or MetaMask. One interesting alternative is the KyberSwap Android mobile app that was released in August 2019.
It allows for instant swapping of tokens and has support for over 70 different altcoins. It also allows users to set price alerts and limit orders and works as a full-featured Ethereum wallet.

2.6 KYBER KATALYST UPGRADE

Kyber has announced their intention to become the de facto liquidity layer for the Decentralized Finance space, aiming to have Kyber as the single on-chain endpoint used by the majority of liquidity providers and dApp developers. In order to achieve this goal the Kyber Network team is looking to create an open ecosystem that garners trust from the decentralized finance space. They believe this is the path that will lead the majority of projects, developers, and users to choose Kyber for liquidity needs. With that in mind they have recently announced the launch of a protocol upgrade to Kyber which is being called Katalyst.
The Katalyst upgrade will create a stronger ecosystem by creating strong alignments towards a common goal, while also strengthening the incentives for stakeholders to participate in the ecosystem.
The primary beneficiaries of the Katalyst upgrade will be the three major Kyber stakeholders: 1. Reserve managers who provide network liquidity; 2. dApps that connect takers to Kyber; 3. KNC holders.
These stakeholders can expect to see benefits as highlighted below: Reserve Managers will see two new benefits to providing liquidity for the network. The first of these benefits will be incentives for providing reserves. Once Katalyst is implemented part of the fees collected will go to the reserve managers as an incentive for providing liquidity.
This mechanism is similar to rebates in traditional finance, and is expected to drive the creation of additional reserves and market making, which in turn will lead to greater liquidity and platform reach.
Katalyst will also do away with the need for reserve managers to maintain a KNC balance for use as network fees. Instead fees will be automatically collected and used as incentives or burned as appropriate. This should remove a great deal of friction for reserves to connect with Kyber without affecting the competitive exchange rates that takers in the system enjoy. dApp Integrators will now be able to set their own spread, which will give them full control over their own business model. This means the current fee sharing program that shares 30% of the 0.25% fee with dApp developers will go away and developers will determine their own spread. It’s believed this will increase dApp development within Kyber as developers will now be in control of fees.
KNC Holders, often thought of as the core of the Kyber Network, will be able to take advantage of a new staking mechanism that will allow them to receive a portion of network fees by staking their KNC and participating in the KyberDAO.

2.7 COMING KYBERDAO

With the implementation of the Katalyst protocol the KNC holders will be put right at the heart of Kyber. Holders of KNC tokens will now have a critical role to play in determining the future economic flow of the network, including its incentive systems.
The primary way this will be achieved is through KyberDAO, a way in which on-chain and off-chain governance will align to streamline cooperation between the Kyber team, KNC holders, and market participants.
The Kyber Network team has identified 3 key areas of consideration for the KyberDAO: 1. Broad representation, transparent governance and network stability 2. Strong incentives for KNC holders to maintain their stake and be highly involved in governance 3. Maximizing participation with a wide range of options for voting delegation
Interaction between KNC Holders & Kyber
This means KNC holders have been empowered to determine the network fee and how to allocate the fees to ensure maximum network growth. KNC holders will now have three fee allocation options to vote on: - Voting Rewards: Immediate value creation. Holders who stake and participate in the KyberDAO get their share of the fees designated for rewards. - Burning: Long term value accrual. The decreasing supply of KNC will improve the token appreciation over time and benefit those who did not participate. - Reserve Incentives:Value creation via network growth. By rewarding Kyber reserve managers based on their performance, it helps to drive greater volume, value, and network fees.

2.8 TRANSPARENCY AND STABILITY

The design of the KyberDAO is meant to allow for the greatest network stability, as well as maximum transparency and the ability to quickly recover in emergency situations. Initally the Kyber team will remain as maintainers of the KyberDAO. The system is being developed to be as verifiable as possible, while still maintaining maximum transparency regarding the role of the maintainer in the DAO.
Part of this transparency means that all data and processes are stored on-chain if feasible. Voting regarding network fees and allocations will be done on-chain and will be immutable. In situations where on-chain storage or execution is not feasible there will be a set of off-chain governance processes developed to ensure all decisions are followed through on.

2.9 KNC STAKING AND DELEGATION

Staking will be a new addition and both staking and voting will be done in fixed periods of times called “epochs”. These epochs will be measured in Ethereum block times, and each KyberDAO epoch will last roughly 2 weeks.
This is a relatively rapid epoch and it is beneficial in that it gives more rapid DAO conclusion and decision-making, while also conferring faster reward distribution. On the downside it means there needs to be a new voting campaign every two weeks, which requires more frequent participation from KNC stakeholders, as well as more work from the Kyber team.
Delegation will be part of the protocol, allowing stakers to delegate their voting rights to third-party pools or other entities. The pools receiving the delegation rights will be free to determine their own fee structure and voting decisions. Because the pools will share in rewards, and because their voting decisions will be clearly visible on-chain, it is expected that they will continue to work to the benefit of the network.

3. TRADING

After the September 2017 ICO, KNC settled into a trading price that hovered around $1.00 (decreasing in BTC value) until December. The token has followed the trend of most other altcoins — rising in price through December and sharply declining toward the beginning of January 2018.
The KNC price fell throughout all of 2018 with one exception during April. From April 6th to April 28th, the price rose over 200 percent. This run-up coincided with a blog post outlining plans to bring Bitcoin to the Ethereum blockchain. Since then, however, the price has steadily fallen, currently resting on what looks like a $0.15 (~0.000045 BTC) floor.
With the number of partners using the Kyber Network, the price may rise as they begin to fully use the network. The development team has consistently hit the milestones they’ve set out to achieve, so make note of any release announcements on the horizon.

4. COMPETITION

The 0x project is the biggest competitor to Kyber Network. Both teams are attempting to enter the decentralized exchange market. The primary difference between the two is that Kyber performs the entire exchange process on-chain while 0x keeps the order book and matching off-chain.
As a crypto swap exchange, the platform also competes with ShapeShift and Changelly.

5.KYBER MILESTONES

• June 2020: Digifox, an all-in-one finance application by popular crypto trader and Youtuber Nicholas Merten a.k.a DataDash (340K subs), integrated Kyber to enable users to easily swap between cryptocurrencies without having to leave the application. • June 2020: Stake Capital partnered with Kyber to provide convenient KNC staking and delegation services, and also took a KNC position to participate in governance. • June 2020: Outlined the benefits of the Fed Price Reserve (FPR) for professional market makers and advanced developers. • May 2020: Kyber crossed US$1 Billion in total trading volume and 1 Million transactions, performed entirely on-chain on Ethereum. • May 2020: StakeWith.Us partnered Kyber Network as a KyberDAO Pool Master. • May 2020: 2Key, a popular blockchain referral solution using smart links, integrated Kyber’s on-chain liquidity protocol for seamless token swaps • May 2020: Blockchain game League of Kingdoms integrated Kyber to accept Token Payments for Land NFTs. • May 2020: Joined the Zcash Developer Alliance , an invite-only working group to advance Zcash development and interoperability. • May 2020: Joined the Chicago DeFi Alliance to help accelerate on-chain market making for professionals and developers. • March 2020: Set a new record of USD $33.7M in 24H fully on-chain trading volume, and $190M in 30 day on-chain trading volume. • March 2020: Integrated by Rarible, Bullionix, and Unstoppable Domains, with the KyberWidget deployed on IPFS, which allows anyone to swap tokens through Kyber without being blocked. • February 2020: Popular Ethereum blockchain game Axie Infinity integrated Kyber to accept ERC20 payments for NFT game items. • February 2020: Kyber’s protocol was integrated by Gelato Finance, Idle Finance, rTrees, Sablier, and 0x API for their liquidity needs. • January 2020: Kyber Network was found to be the most used protocol in the whole decentralized finance (DeFi) space in 2019, according to a DeFi research report by Binance. • December 2019: Switcheo integrated Kyber’s protocol for enhanced liquidity on their own DEX. • December 2019: DeFi Wallet Eidoo integrated Kyber for seamless in-wallet token swaps. • December 2019: Announced the development of the Katalyst Protocol Upgrade and new KNC token model. • July 2019: Developed the Waterloo Bridge , a Decentralized Practical Cross-chain Bridge between EOS and Ethereum, successfully demonstrating a token swap between Ethereum to EOS. • July 2019: Trust Wallet, the official Binance wallet, integrated Kyber as part of its decentralized token exchange service, allowing even more seamless in-wallet token swaps for thousands of users around the world. • May 2019: HTC, the large consumer electronics company with more than 20 years of innovation, integrated Kyber into its Zion Vault Wallet on EXODUS 1 , the first native web 3.0 blockchain phone, allowing users to easily swap between cryptocurrencies in a decentralized manner without leaving the wallet. • January 2019: Introduced the Automated Price Reserve (APR) , a capital efficient way for token teams and individuals to market make with low slippage. • January 2019: The popular Enjin Wallet, a default blockchain DApp on the Samsung S10 and S20 mobile phones, integrated Kyber to enable in-wallet token swaps. • October 2018: Kyber was a founding member of the WBTC (Wrapped Bitcoin) Initiative and DAO. • October 2018: Developed the KyberWidget for ERC20 token swaps on any website, with CoinGecko being the first major project to use it on their popular site.

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The Tangle badly needs a Stablecoin

The IOTA/Tangle community seems to be the least focused on tokenization. Here's why that's wrong:
IOTA may be feeless, but it's not free to use. Users are paying in:
  1. IOTA Volatility (regularly >1% daily)
  2. Exchange fees - moving in/out of IOTA to avoid volatility (0.25 - 1%)
Transaction fees, volatility or exchange fees. Value is lost, it doesn't matter how.
"but IOTA will stabilize as it grows"
Yes it will, but too slowly for it to matter.
Bitcoin isn't stable now at $100 billion, nor was it stable at $300 billion. IOTA won't be either. (IOTA would grow 250-750x in value to reach those market caps. Of course there will be enormous volatility on the way up)
Maybe they will be stable enough to use as a medium of exchange (MoE) if they ever reach $trillions.
What the Tangle needs most is a stablecoin. Picture this combination:
Ethereum DAI is supposed to be divisible to 18 decimal places - but gas fees stop you at 2 ($0.01)
Tangle DAI (TAI) could be truly divisible, with each unit created from 1i:
$1 to $0.01 = 100i ($1 million = 100Mi)
$1 to $0.0001 = 10Ki ($1 million = 10Gi)
etc
This allows for stable micropayments, 100 - 10,000x smaller than what is currently possible.
Important points:
This has a couple of effects:
  1. Short/medium term, it removes most of the need for IOTA as an MoE.
  2. IOTA supply will need to be carefully considered/eventually increased. (At $0.10Mi - 1i costs $0.0000001. At $100Mi - 1i costs $0.0001)
  3. Long term, if IOTA grows from billions to trillions, it could become THE medium of exchange.
Thoughts?
submitted by da-future-is-bright to IOTAmarkets [link] [comments]

Fortnight Tech Roundup & Discourse - IRNSS NavIC

Fortnight Tech Roundup & Discourse - IRNSS NavIC

Welcome to this week's tech round up and discourse post.

https://preview.redd.it/4we80sfojis31.png?width=728&format=png&auto=webp&s=bcd7e967359f9a1ebb7f8aa7903cb35d86891e44

EBay, Stripe and Mastercard drop out of Facebook’s Libra Association techcrunch
Club Factory raises $100M to expand its lifestyle e-commerce platform in India economictimes
Donald Trump joins Amazon's video game streaming platform Twitch cnn
Bill McDermott steps down as SAP’s CEO wsj
Elon Musk says that NASA is free to share all SpaceX IP with ‘anyone it wants’ gizmodo
NASA’s new Moon-bound spacesuit is safer, smarter and much more comfortable nasa.gov
Steam will soon let you play local-only multiplayer games with far off friends pcgamer
Dyson kills its electric car project and turns to solid-state batteries guardian
Amazon Music arrives on Apple TV pocket-lint
Google takes AMP to the OpenJS Foundation openjsf
Russia’s Yandex introduces an Echo Dot-style smart speaker techcrunch
Cisco hit by an internal network outage cbronline
Xage now supports hierarchical blockchains for complex implementations globenewswire
NASCAR could debut hybrids as early as 2022 thedrive
Apple pulls HKmap from App Store, the day after Chinese state media criticized its ‘unwise and reckless decision’ to approve it cnbc
Virgin Orbit plans to send cubesats to Mars as early as 2022 cnet
Call of Duty is the biggest mobile game launch ever, with 100 million downloads independent
Pinterest launches a new ‘Lite’ app for emerging markets androidpolice
Microsoft’s Your Phone app can now route calls from your Android phone to your PC blog.windows
European risk report flags 5G security challenges techcrunch
Toyota, GM, Nvidia, Bosch, Arm and others form new autonomous driving tech consortium theiet
China attacks Apple for allowing Hong Kong crowdsourced police activity app nyt
AMD’s Radeon RX 5500 is its new entry-level competitor to Nvidia’s GTX 1650 pcworld
Amazon, Walmart confront India’s slowing economy as holiday season growth stalls techcrunch
Essential reveals Project Gem smartphone with very long, unusual design engadget
Twitter admits it used two-factor phone numbers and emails for serving targeted ads help.twitter
Arm brings custom instructions to its embedded CPUs developer.arm
Sony’s next console is the PlayStation 5, arriving holidays 2020 theverge
Chinese firms Tencent, Vivo and CCTV suspend ties with the NBA over Hong Kong tweet edition.cnn
Eight Chinese tech firms placed on US Entity List for their role in human rights violations against Muslim minority groups techcrunch
Mars Curiosity Rover finds evidence of an ancient oasis on Mars earthsky
Instagram is killing its creepy stalking feature, the Following tab androidpolice
Ex-Tinder CEO files lawsuit saying sexual assault allegations against him are defamation theverge
Fire TV might not get Disney+ as Amazon and Disney clash over ads variety
Amazon introduces a Kindle for kids indiatoday
Apple’s MacOS Catalina is now available 9to5mac
Spotify gains Siri support on iOS 13, arrives on Apple TV forbes
Disney is reportedly banning Netflix ads across its entertainment TV networks theverge
Red Dead Redemption 2 is coming to PC in November rockpapershotgun
NASA shares 3D Moon data for CG artists and creators space
PayPal is the first company to drop out of the Facebook-led Libra Association economictimes
Iranian hackers targeted US 2020 campaign, says Microsoft bbc
Apple CEO Tim Cook slams Facebook’s Libra cryptocurrency as a power grab forbes
Google-backed Dunzo raises $45M to expand its hyperlocal delivery startup in India fortuneindia
NASA’s first all-electric experimental X-plane is ready for testing nasa.gov
Facebook is being leaned on by US, UK, Australia to ditch its end-to-end encryption expansion plan macrumorsInstagram launches Threads, a Close Friends chat app with auto-status wired
India’s Fyle bags $4.5M to expand its expense management platform in the US, other international markets techcrunch
Uber launches a shift-work finder app, Uber Works, starting in Chicago tnw
Redesigned Google Shopping goes live, with price tracking, Google Lens for outfits and more pcmag
Zuckerberg Plans to Sue if Elizabeth Warren Tries to Break Up Facebook gizmodo
Samsung pulls the plug on Chinese smartphone production techcrunch
Microsoft showcases an Android Surface 'phone' and dual-screen Windows Variant cnet
Microsoft’s latest Surface Laptop arrives in 13- and 15-inch models theverge
India’s NoBroker raises $50M to help people buy and rent without real estate brokers business-standard
Cybersecurity giant Comodo can’t even keep its own website secure forums.comodo
NASA awards $43.2M to Blue Origin, SpaceX and others for tech to take us to the Moon and Mars techcrunch
NASA launches a new planet-hunting telescope using a giant balloon phys.org
UPS gets FAA approval to operate an entire drone delivery airline nyt
Streamlit launches open-source machine learning application development framework techcrunch
WhatsApp tests self-destructing messages theverge
Europe’s top court says active consent is needed for tracking cookies techcrunch
SpaceX details Starship and Super Heavy in new website techcrunch
Hyundai is getting into the flying car business newatlas
Microsoft makes Windows Virtual Desktop generally available globally zdnet
Google's Project Jacquard is available on new Levi's jackets youtube
PayPal to enter China through GoPay acquisition venturebeat

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The Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) recently become fully-operational and has been provided with the operational name of NavIC (Navigation with Indian Constellation). Developed by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) with the objective of offering positioning, navigation and timing (PNT) to the users on a variety of platforms with a 24 hour x 7 day service availability under all weather conditions - in its service area with a position accuracy of < 20 m throughout India and within the region of coverage extending about 1500 km beyond. nih.gov
Having an autonomous regional satellite navigation system of one’s own offers strategic autonomy in military operations. The GPS that we have known and used all along is the satellite-based radio navigation system owned by the US government and operated by the American Air Force. During the Kargil War 20 years ago, the US refused to provide India critical information on the movement and precise location of Paki enemy troops. toi A need for an indigenous satellite navigation was felt earlier, but Kargil experience made the nation realize it's inevitability. Geopolitical needs teaches us that some countries can deny us the service in times of conflict, a way of arm twisting.
With an accuracy of <10 m on Restricted and Encrypted Service (RES) while an accuracy of <20 m on Standard Positioning Service (SPS), IRNSS will offer 2 level of services for very differing purposes. isro.gov.in \PDF]) Almost all Military and Reconnaissance applications will utilize RES while SPS will be available for civilian uses. unvienna \PDF])

The IRNSS space segment architecture consists of 3 satellites in GEO (Geostationary Orbit) at 32.5°, 83° and 131.5° East while 4 satellites in geosynchronous orbit placed at inclination of 29° with longitude crossing at 55° and 111.75° East forming an analemma. isac.gov.in Out of the 4 GSO satellites, the first sat IRNSS-1A failed in orbit due to atmoic clock malfunction. On August 31, 2017, sat IRNSS-1H was meant to replace defunct IRNSS-1A, failed to deploy due to malfunction in payload fairing mechanism. Though failures are not uncommon in space missions of even developed nations, India is not in a position where it can afford even relatively minor glitches neither financially nor in terms of reaching the higher goals it has set for itself. firstpost

IRNSS Analemma

Unlike GPS which is dependent only on L-band, NAVIC has dual frequency (S and L bands). When low frequency signal travels through atmosphere, its velocity changes due to atmospheric disturbances. US banks on atmospheric model to assess frequency error and it has to update this model from time to time to assess the exact error. In India's case, the actual delay is assessed by measuring the difference in delay of dual frequency (S and L bands). Therefore, NavIC is not dependent on any model to find the frequency error and is more accurate than GPS. toi
Studies have also shown marked improvement in GDoP (Geometric dilution of precision) values when IRNSS is used in conjunction with GPS constellation for position fix in primary coverage region of IRNSS. Hence IRNSS can be augmented with GPS to improve position accuracy in the given region. ias.ac.in

The IRNSS is being developed parallel to the GAGAN (GPS Aided GEO Augmented Satellite Navigation) program that in essence use GPS signals for navigation but after making them much more reliable for safety critical applications like in civil aviation., the ISRO SBAS (Satellite Based Augmentation System) version of an overlay system for GNSS signal corrections. earth.esa.int As of 2013, the statutory filing for frequency spectrum of Global Indian Navigational System (GINS) satellite orbits in international space, has been completed. hindubusinessline GINS is supposed to have a constellation of 24 satellites, positioned 24,000 km (14,913 mi) above Earth. wikipedia)

On Sep 24, 2019 Global mobile telephony standards body, 3GPP, gave its approval to NaVIC (Proposed jointly by Reliance Jio and ISRO). 3gpp.org \XLSX]) The approval has been given for the system’s use in Rel-16 LTE and Rel-17 5G NR specifications, paving the way for wider commercial adoption of NaVIC, allowing it to be integrated with 4G, 5G and internet of things (IoT). 3gpp.org \ZIP]) Thus, electronics companies can start designing and building integrated circuits and mass manufacture other products uniquely created to be compatible with NavIC. From what all scant information I was able to gather it seems Broadcom was first to introduce BCM47756 3gpp.org \ZIP]) chipset integrated with NavIC and Xiaomi Mi8 was the first phone to have the capabilities. insidegnss Will the introduction of indigenous satnav be another step closer towards being a global power? Comments open.
PS: Here's an interesting presentation prepared by Space Application Center that goes a little deep inside Navigation with Indian Constellation http://www.unoosa.org/documents/pdf/icg/2018/icg13/05.pdf

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And in the last, here's 19th-Century Vision of the Year 2000 by Jean-Marc Côté and other artists issued in France in 1899, 1900, 1901 and 1910. Originally in the form of paper cards enclosed in cigarette/cigar boxes and, later, as postcards, the images depicted the world as it was imagined to be like in the then distant year of 2000.
https://preview.redd.it/wbvg455vjis31.jpg?width=800&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=1ea5d13ddcf69a504c6d85d6aee7c22adedd6923
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https://preview.redd.it/i9n66b5vjis31.jpg?width=800&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=661517f876c117b8403d4f262be8329f134766ea
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https://preview.redd.it/hgzq795vjis31.jpg?width=800&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=352d60e89923bad1673f90d824efbfb0a90670b0
https://preview.redd.it/5zndz35vjis31.jpg?width=800&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=88b945b5f37297fd32d6664db7c7c8da4b2f95f7
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Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:France_in_XXI_Century_(fiction))
submitted by chummekiraat to IndiaSpeaks [link] [comments]

The whole Ambrosus AMA in one Post

1) For ensuring the possibility that Ambrosus can be successful in achieving its objectives, what can the community do in order to try and facilitate this? Is there anything that you would like to see people doing more/less of to support the project?
1) If you have connections at any companies that manufacture/distribute food/pharma/chemicals/luxury products, make an intro (rewards available); 2) if you know any consultancy/ICT companies/integrators, introduce them to our tech/code to possibly develop Joint Value Proposition**
3) if you are a dev, contribute to our code; IoT enthusiast - then expertiment using our tech; 4) if you are an entrepreneur launching startups, consider launching it on AMB-NET (support/financing available from dev pool); 5) just generally educate others about #ambrosus. Thx
https://mobile.twitter.com/yashilou/status/1065572906040737793
*....info on releases of partnerships etc. What is the aim for the next 6 months with regards to promoting the brand even further to reach more potential community members? *
1/ Presently we promote the brand via PR (placement in top-tier media, thought leadership), attendance of high-profile conferences (industry / crypto), holding various meetups, online promotion of brand, community engagement, interactive social media. Next year we want to have
more personalised/targetted communication towards individual verticals/sub-industries, with detailed corporate USP, tailored pricing, commercial aspects; we are also fostering consultants/entrepreneurs around Ambrosus with narrow focus who will approach individual industries.
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065947465944363008
3) Can you give an update on the current PoC's? What do you estimate to be the probability that the clients will continue once the PoC's are done? How is the general feedback regarding the solutions you are offering them?
We primarily hire additional people to specifically work on delivery and execution of projects. I think PoC is not necessarily the right term to use, because it implies that the tech is unproven and the concept itself needs to be proved (hence proof of concept, PoC), on our 1/...
side we are talking about industrial projects (some of them can be called pilot projects), whereby we actually integrate our tech into supply chain operations. The feedback we are getting on that is overwhelmingly positive and we are developing larger-scale proposals with partner
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065948382634672128
5) Random q: Was the number 361 million tokens chosen because it represents the km² of the ocean/was there another motivation for choosing that no. in particular? And, what was the logic behind that number of tokens chosen rather than, say 100mn/1 bn?
actually this number resulted from the smart contract, based on emission of AMB, which in turn was based on ETH incoming.
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065949442413666304
DHelix85: If you applied for a node in the 1st wave (not accepted yet) and now wish to upgrade to a bigger node, can you replace your intial application with the new one and not drop to the end of the queue?
I think a new application should be submitted, the applicants will be cross-checked with old lists, so no risk of being at the end. We have now placed one person full-time to deal with masternodes applicants (Aleksandra), to help the dev team stay focused on building $AMB-NET.
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065949908702773248
1) Angel, what do you think is necessary to take Ambrosus from 0 to 10k bundles a day?
2) And to take it from 10k to 100k bundles daily? How do you see the company getting there?....
We are now actively modeling the pricing structure and transactions on chain. Firstly, for many business use-cases a bundle does not have to be full to make sense (e.g. a luxury watch producer may use 1 bundle for 10 watches, at 1$ per watch, which makes sense for them 1/...
similarly, for containers or individual units the bundling processes may be different. So, it should not be assumed that the full 16k+ transactions need to be filled to dispatch a bundle. Our current projects help us to optimise the total number of bundles/transactions for AMBNET
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065950293236551681
3) When Ambrosus is doing, let's say, over 100k bundles a day, do you think your job as CEO will be different than now? How?
I am very impressed with what AMB has achieved so far, in so little time. Congratulations to you and to the whole team!
Hard for me to speculate, but I think the core aspects of Ambrosus will remain the same, only the complexity of scaling will of course make the network less nimble. Our minds are preoccupied with assuring true decentralisation in all senses of that word
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065952712444006401
Will the Apollo node auctions start in November or not until Q1? Both have been stated during timeline updates.
I think the dev team are tweaking a few parameters and have also ordered another cybersecurity audit for AMB-NET to try and break it. On this side they push the Better Safe than Sorry narrative, with which I have to agree..
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065953205752864769
What is the most important difference between amb and other projects with similar goals?
Our intimate knowledge of BOTH #blockchain and #IoT. The foundations of the $AMB-NET architecture were built with IoT in mind. Most other projects are trying to stitch two technologies together, without having proper understanding of either blockchain or iot
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065953692334137345
AMA -- When would you think may can release new road map for 2019-2020? What's your time frame may could starting sign contracts with the long term partnership corporation of using your product and also starting have revenue? Thank you very much.
we already have a roadmap/vision for 2019, we now go through the structural/cosmetic changes and are also debating whether to release it end of this year, or early 2019. Negotiations for long-term contracts are currently ongoing.BTW the network itself should run without Ambrosus
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065954552627765248
#AMB_AMA Q: How closely is the success of the Ambrosus protocol tied to the growth of the Ethereum ecosystem and their progress towards scalability? ...would a different base-layer protocol ever be an option?
We do not use Ethereum as base-layer protocol. This was the case at the very early stages of Ambrosus. We now have our own architecture, with our own scalability/IoT/storage solutions. We cooperate a lot with ETH stakeholders, but AMBNET does not depend on their progress/success
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065954890692919297
#AMB_AMA I would love to better understand the uniqueness of Amber as "the first data-bonded token." Q: Does Ambrosus have any posts/articles/case studies out there to better describe the possibilities and uniqueness of this new architecture?
our white paper is very outdated, please refer to (link: http://blog.ambrosus.com) blog.ambrosus.com for all the latest developments / updates to architecture, cryptoeconomics and more. We will release a new paper in the foreseeable future that as a single document will perform the WP function
and yes, all the use-cases you are talking about are also discussed at length in our blog , which i in general recommend to everyone following the project to follow, as it contains all the up to date and relevant info/content on the project.
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065955293023088640
#AMB_AMA Q: What does the recent Securities and Exchange Commission court ruling mean for the AMB token? Will Ambrosus be registering $AMB token as a security with the SEC... or filing as an exemption?
We carefully avoided all the interactions that would put us under the jurisdiction of the SEC. For future interactions, our legal team will assess and act as appropriate.
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065956124455776258
Can you tell us more about the different revenue streams of Ambrosus now and in the future? (E.g AMB-NET, Sensors, Consulting or IT Integration work)
The key focus for us right now is to make AMB-NET a self-sustaining network that could operate without support of any third party, including Amrbosus. Thus sensors, consultancy, IT integration we leave to partners and focus on the blockchain to run irrespective of revenues
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065957306020569088
There has been some talk of the sec cracking down on certain ERC20 tokens. Is this a concern at all? How well equipped is Ambrosus legally and financially?
already answered on sec below. as for the legal, it's immensely complicated in crypto, and we leave it to the professional teams to take care of our legal/compliance, while we focus on the tech and delivery
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065957796875780096
Looking forward to hear ETA for swap from erc20 to native Amber tokens and how? Also wondering when will we be able to start Atlas nodes freely without invitation? Lastly when moon sir? :)
this is a better question to the dev team. For me, I want it to happen now, but it's not feasible technology-wise. I think permissionless onboarding for Atlas nodes will be possible in Q2 2019. Full moon is today, next one 22 dec
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065958297352716290
Can we see somewhere in the eth explorer how are the amb tokens moving from erc20 to native amb token on amb-net? Is more tokens floating from or to amb-net?
the bridge for real AMB/AMBERC20 has not yet been released on mainnet, as they are still testing it on test net. On nodes you already can play with TESTAMB. The dev team are doing a new security audit on AMB-NET, so after that they can launch the bridge, it will be visible on eth
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065958759409819648
What impact, if any, does the current state of the crypto market have on a companies willingness to implement Ambrosus' blockchain supply chain solutions?
our discussions with corporates seldom involve the discussion of the crypto markets. we focus on the tech and integration with them, not the value of various digital assets.
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065959004034215936
1) Do you think the number of partnerships will increase?
2) How is the masternodes going now? The both of the test net and main net working well?
3) When will the AMB-NET 2.0 (industrial grade one) be launched?
4) How many bundles are the publicly announced 5 partnerships generating currently and how do you think the possibilities that they increase it in the coming months?
5) What are the assumed number of Atlases for 1k, 10k, 100k bundles respectively?
6) How many applications for the masternode have you got so far? Could you provide us with the estimated number of the running nodes in the future?
7) If the number of masternode far exceeds the estimated number, will you cap the number of it?
1/ if I didn't think that, I would not be involved in the project.
2/ going well, talk to onboarded people on slack/tg to get their insights
3/ as per dev team's roadmap should be end of this year
4/ see my answer on bundles below
5/ not sure what you mean by this question. There is an upper limit of the number of bundles an Atlas node could host, which is defined by the technical imperatives outlined by the dev team
6/ we are well into the 4digit numbers with the number of applicants who submitted full applications to be a masternode operator. I am personally looking at a few hundred apollos and about 10 thousand atlases in the future, but we have some tech team members arguing for limiting
7/ the numbers for stakes in masternodes were designed in such a way as to never reach the point where we would have to cap any numbers
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065959353575006208
1) In a scale from 1 to 10, how do you think that the adoption of AMB-Net is going so far?
I am a biased party to ask for such an assessment. I am also a perfectionist and thus I am never satisfied with anything so there could not be a perfect score anyway
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065961119246925824
2) Can we expect more commercial partnerships in the near future (next 2-3 months)?
yes, we are working on a few interesting deals now
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065966085172862976
3) What is a rough ratio between companies wanting to run their own Hermes node (pay in crypto) vs companies wanting someone else running the Hermes node (paying in fiat)?
most large corporates want to run and host their own nodes (for data ownership/ privacy, amongst other reasons), whereas the SMEs have a tendency to require a BaaS type of support
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065966412743753728
4) Which of the upcoming milestones of Ambrosus are you the most excited for and why?
Execution of transactions between IoT devices in a smart city in a decentralised and autonomous manner (long-term). All masternodes onboarded and maintaining the network independently (mid-term). First ICO to accept $AMB (short-term).
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065968212104355841
5) What could be the biggest catalyst for adoption of AMB-Net in your opinion?
more nimble SMEs/startups adopting innovative technologies such as $AMB-NET and showing great growth due to consumer trust/choice and improved business operations should cause large enterprises to speed up their adoption of such technologies
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065968899034886144
#Ambrosus AMA
Have you ever been approached by any Japanese companies?
What do you think would be the hardest part when you try to get adoptions from Japanese companies?
We had a few invitations to various corporate accelerators and/or public sector sanctioned business programmes in Tokyo. Unfortunately, the stipulations included the senior team moving to Japan, which was not an option. Thus so far we have not had much involvement in Japan.
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065969297284112384
1. What is your biggest concern for ambrosus success as a whole? 2. What can the US community do to help spread awareness and help ambrosus succeed here?....
1/ to what extent corp management and even the end consumers care about true decentralisation. Ultimately, it seems few people are bothered that IBM or Ripple are not truly decentralised/trustless, and they still adopt their tech... 2/ see my response on the community help below.
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065969864161091584
3. What is the status of my resume? (self-plug haha but seriously I've been trying to work on your dev and full stack or front end developer team for some time now!) - from a strong and passionate developer, Mannan
the dev team reviewed it and right now it does not suit their needs. Vlad told me he replied to your enquiry
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065970873893564416
Are you going to fix the issue with Storage Limit for Omega masternode in the contract config that was posted on reddit and github?
I am not personally creating code for masternodes. I think such a request is best made via github and the dev team will fix this, if it needs fixing
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065971263301185541
Are you having any goal till January in terms of new clients just like you gave a count of 5 for october?
not till january, because it's christmas time and most corporates are busy with end of year issues and then vacations. see my other reply below on a similar question. in short, we do have other ongoing initiatives. i have made changes to our business team to better achieve goals
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065971557007269888
Ambrosus' mainnet will launch soon and thus the native blockchain it's running on. Ambrosus is also planning to release wallet applications and handle the token swap....
yes, in the latest blog entry from Vlad, you can see that a Wallet for native AMB is coming. as for the swap for the foreseeable future we envision a two-way bridge between native AMB and ERC20 to ensure compatibility, while we build infra for native AMB
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065971915989413890
Can you tell us a little bit about how (in your experience) companies currently see Ambrosus compared to other blockchain supply chain solutions like vechain, Ibm one etc. (like a mini market analysis...)
most corporations we deal with are not aware of vechain or other crypto projects' existence. they usually compare us to IBM, Oracle, EY Blockchain, etc. They see our unique IoT architecture and expertise as USP, which others, even the big guys do not necessarily have.
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065972439702798337
Can you tell us a little bit about how (in your experience) companies currently see Ambrosus compared to other blockchain supply chain solutions like vechain, Ibm one etc. (like a mini market analysis...)
Which sensor from your innovation lab excites you the most, and why?
what is the biggest challenge/deal breaker when trying to sign up customers?
I am very interested in the sensors that are able to process data in a trusted enrivonment and sign transactions on the blockchain at the sensor level. according to Innolab, such sensors can become like lite clients of the blockchain, enabling any IoT devices to be blockchain nod
answered below where i talked about education for top management about real blockchain vs decentralised constructs with a single point of control and failure. most people are either unaware of the distinction or do not care much about it, so long as blockchain buzzword is there
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065974008292745218
In a scale from 1 to 10, how do you think that the adoption of AMB-Net is going so far? Can we expect more commercial partnerships in the near future (next 2-3 months)? What is a rough ratio between companies wanting to
all these questions answered below
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065974532035551232
What is the baseline of the size of companies you would work with regarding the revenue?
I will put a contact form in my website so that Japanese companies can more easily ask me about Ambrosus in Japnese.
actually we have value proposition both for small and large companies. Big companies are nice because they offer scale but are slow, whereas small companies compensate for their size with their nimble approach and ability to adapt processes faster. Thus both are interesting to us
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065978121856475136
Q: Angel, with Devcon4 behind us, what are you thoughts on Ethereum's progress towards scalability?
Q: Does the success of the Ethereum ecosystem matter much to Ambrosus' developers? Would a different blockchain base-layer protocol ever be an option?
1/ I have always been a fan of Ethereum community, in terms of a large number of thinkers and visionaries they have gathered. Unlike EOS/Tezos who seem to try to buy communities with money, or IBM who are plain boring, Ethereum is truly about experimentation and bold vision...
many great proposals to scalability of Ethereum. Of course they keep pushing the deadline and are vague on any timeline of execution, but let's be frank, who isn't? They also succumbed to the hype last year, but vision is limited only by imagination, while execution has friction
thus, all tech needs time. I do believe there are enough people with vested interest around Ethereum technology and a lot of visionaries who cannot be simply bought off (although I guess every person has their sale price...), so I am hopeful of Ethereum's future
We do not directly depend on Ethereum's success/failure, but of course we are heavily intertwined with many leading stakeholders from the ecosystem. We are influenced heavily by the tech, perception, markets, successes/failtures of Ethereum as spillover effects. AMB-NET is built
on solidity framework and uses many elements from Ethereum, so where needed we are happy to borrow more of their open-source code - and then also share our improved/updated code with other projects. So yes, when others are doing well, we are also doing better. Of course all the
uncertaintly and badmouthing that ethereum is experiencing does not help us, but now the pendulum of the crypto has swung towards panic, delusion, despondence and blame-game - which too shall pass - we aim to prove our point and deliver the tech that works and improves the world.
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065978675135434752
thank you very much for the AMA session everyone. We appreciate having a strong and curious community who come up with strong contributions and have critical thinking. Until next time. In the meantime enjoy my latest interview with @Independent on #bitcoin
https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/news/bitcoin-price-usd-2018-crash-analysis-stock-cryptocurrency-bubble-burst-dotcom-a8648296.html
https://mobile.twitter.com/angelversetti/status/1065984937281667072
submitted by skythe4 to ambrosus [link] [comments]

QuarkChain Monthly AMA Summary-02/22/2020

QuarkChain Monthly AMA Summary-02/22/2020

https://preview.redd.it/nscgafxibck41.png?width=2152&format=png&auto=webp&s=fbceb8e21020811bea5545b82e65bc5eeac5e420
QuarkChain holds a monthly AMA (Ask Me Anything) on Telegram/Wechat groups on Saturday at 7–8 PM PST. This is the summary for February AMA. We welcome any questions, comments, and suggestions.
Q1: The Bitcoin halving is taking place this year. How do you expect this to affect the entire blockchain industry? What role will QuarkChain play in the industry?
The Bitcoin halving is a major event in 2020 and we believe this event may have significant impacts.
Technically speaking, this means every block reward is reduced from 12.5 BTC to 6.25 BTC, and the inflation rate is also halved.
As a result, firstly, the inflation rate will be below 2%, which means the rate is close to that of gold. Secondly, the selling power from miners is also halved. While as cryptocurrency and blockchain become more popular, more people may be more likely to own BTC.
From the perspective of the market, BTC has become a hedging asset against risks since there are not many global assets that have a good story as well as good liquidity. There are two main factors influencing the price of BTC: namely the manufacturer of mining machines and the Wall Street. As long as selling mining machines is still making a profit while the global economy is still thriving decently, the value of BTC will maintain its level. So I think that the market will view the halving this time around in a more optimistic light.
BTC is rather out of sync with other blockchain projects because its financial nature far outstrips its technical nature. We can compare BTC to gold while other projects are more comparable to technology companies who focus on technological applications and innovations.
Another question is what halving signifies for our QuarkChain team. Since 2018, QuarkChain has been focused on inventing a faster and more convenient public chain. Since the launch of mainnet, our product has evolved to become a framework like Polkadot and Cosmos that enable launching a chain with one click and provide cross-chain framework consensus. During our Stanford 2020 meeting last week, we further proposed the idea of a “quark family” whereby one can adopt this sharding layer framework on public chains. If this concept is applied to consortium blockchain, then it becomes “quark-union.” Such framework can be applied in other scenarios and interoperate for other use cases and provide a plethora of choices for users, which is our target goal this year.
In the middle of the year, we will announce the next product developed specifically for this framework, which functions like Polkadot’s Substrate framework that allows developers to build products as parachains. Please follow us to learn more!
In general, I think this is really good news for the whole cryptocurrency world!

Q2: The Chinese market pays more attention to the consortium blockchain. Will this affect QuarkChain? Will the team consider joining the consortium blockchain?
One of our goals is to broadcast our QuarkChain technologies to more people around the world, and we are happy to see that not only can our technology be applied to the public chain space, but also to the consortium blockchain space!!
Secondly, it is also natural to extend the public chain technology to the consortium one, where Ethereum has EEA, and JP Morgan is also working on Quorum, which is the consortium version of geth.
With the Chinese government’s support of this domain, I think it is a very good opportunity for QuarkChain to participate in the market and meet the needs in the consortium blockchain space. We will soon announce the new products in the area soon!
Q3: The QuarkChain team attended the Stanford Blockchain Conference recently. Are there any differences between the direction of exploration in 2020 and in 2019? Did you find any new or interesting ideas?
A lot of interesting things happened during the Stanford Blockchain Conference. I also discussed with several people, including Vitalk and Professor David Tse about their works. We discussed some details about their proposal in the extreme case such as network partition and asked more details in how Lamport’s BFT algorithm’s relationship with his proposal.
First of all, I found there is a rapidly rising interest from academia to enter into the blockchain space, including professors from renowned universities such as Stanford, UIUC, and Cornell.
Secondly, I found more and more people are taking serious considerations into practical problems such as scalability and security. For example, Vitalik gave a talk about 51% attack and how to avoid that; people are working on both vertical and horizontal scalability. Of course, Facebook Libra also presented their blockchain.
We are watching these technologies closely and are looking forward to seeing its development, which will guide our future growth as well!
Q4: QKC held a meetup yesterday and you talked about what the future of blockchain looks like and topics related to business. Can you give us a brief summary about the discussion? How can QuarkChain be applied in the real world? Any use cases?
We delivered a speech titled “What The Future Blockchain Looks Like to Empower Business.” Looking back, the early days of blockchains were chasing after pure technical breakthroughs with little considerations for practical business needs. This is related to what we talked about also at the year-end review: after TPS, what else can blockchains propose?
One of the big trends that we see is that, typical major business applications rely on both consortium blockchain and public chains. Even for Facebook Libra, it starts with consortium blockchain and then will move onto public chains. From a business perspective, the space is looking for a more comprehensive solution that allows seamless communication between consortium blockchain and public chains altogether.
The Boson consensus is the paper we published during the world-class 2019 IEEE conference. It is the sharding infrastructure framework that we have been referring to since day 1, which is analogous to the Substrate framework from Polkadot. We have applied this framework to implement QuarkChain, as you are all familiar with it by now.
We are now applying the same framework onto consortium blockchain to allow different enterprises to define different chains based on their own business requirements and also create plug-ins to interact with other chains such as IBM Hyperledger, Ant Financial blockchain, WeBank, and so on.
With the great efforts of our BD team, we are working on some use cases with our important partners. One direction we believe is to speed up financial processing using blockchain in the enterprise space. For instance, with immunity and transparency, we could facilitate regulated financing and circulation of assets more easily. Imagine DeFi in consortium!
As I mentioned before, we are building the consortium version of QuarkChain, and actually, the first version of the product is almost ready and is under testing.
Q5: What does your roadmap for 2020 look like? Name some important milestones you hope to achieve. What are the major developments lined up for QuarkChain this quarter?
In 2020 H1, we plan to fully support our native token to enable DeFi composability. We would like to make the token more user-friendly as well.
Actually, ETH2.0 is targeting native tokens for a while, and we also have a long conversation with ETH. While ETH2.0 is still planning and designing the feature, our goal is to fully support ETH 2.0 in 2020 — probably the first blockchain that enables all these!
For the second half of the year, we are still looking into several areas, namely privacy, heterogenous chain, and new consensus mechanism. We also would like to learn from the community to see what the best idea may be.
Please check more details here:
https://ethresear.ch/t/cross-shard-defi-composability/6268/23
https://ethresear.ch/t/moving-eth-between-shards-the-problem-statement/6597
Q6: In the past years, we all said ZIL was your biggest competitor, but the fact is we did not see too many updates from them. So who is your current strongest competitor? How do you stand out from your competition?
Actually, in this growing new area, we learned tremendously from different projects in sharding, multi-chain area: ETH2.0, Polkadot, Cosmos, and ZIL.
And for us, our idea is quite simple — to achieve our goal with using all technologies from us and also from others. We also interacted with the blockchain communities actively so that we could jointly contribute to the blockchain space. This philosophy explains why we have an active presence in different projects such as ETH and Libra.
Our technology, the Boson consensus, is the key for us to differentiate from others. Even better, the Boson consensus is designed to be flexible, and thus is able to incorporate a lot of novel ideas! To my knowledge, this flexibility can hardly be found for other blockchains. Unless other projects decide to follow us someday, I think we should have plenty of space to stand out!
Q7: What are your future plans for the developer community?
We just started our bounty program for supporting native token auction — an important part for multi-native token support. This means many dApps on ETH can be rewritten and enjoy the benefits of the multi-native tokens, and we will have demos and programs to educate the public.
Q8: QKC technology is at the forefront of the industry. What are its strategies in market expansion? How are you planning to take over more market share in 2020?
We need to acknowledge that the speculation is widespread across the entire market, similar to what was observed during the early days of the stock market. As we can see now, the era of speculation and fast money is fading away. What we observed in the US stock market for the last decade is that the out-performers are no mere speculation but outstanding technology companies who keep innovating themselves. To adapt to this shift of culture, we now align the overall marketing strategy to branding.
What this signifies is that besides telling people the acronym of QuarkChain, we should let other people know more about the details of QuarkChain and the recent updates of our team.
What we will do in the future is to share more quality in-depth contents which vary in format but are easily readable. We would like to intrigue more people by experimenting with different forms of data visualization. We also want to step onto different school campuses for technical sharing sessions and have first-hand engagement for technology enthusiasts and gain their recognition. From there, we will then carry out more public advertisements. Because of the outbreak of virus, we will develop more online activities to enable more people to participate free of physical constraints.
Q9: Why do we see less interactions from the team recently? How are the team members faring? Can you work on developing the Chinese community in 2020?
Someone messaged me offline wondering why I appeared in the group less often recently. I actually am still with QuarkChain and have been working on various projects in great depth. For example, I was lecturing MBA classes and summarized how blockchain can step out from its current bottlenecks.
Some also discovered that they were no longer able to private chat with me. As I have explained before, such a decision was made on the basis of freeing up more of my time from customer services to allow more creative thinking and R&D. I have been paying close attention to the discussion and suggestions within the group chat. I am also in consultation with Yufeng and Daisy for the latest news within the group chat as well. Our team is doing well with more technologies underway. We are landing more business applications and are shifting our marketing focus from operations to branding. We will continue to update our latest developments so stay tuned!
About the community, we aim not just to grow only the Chinese one but around the world. You may understand the idea of developing a community in a different sense than I do. As I might have mentioned before, for the past two years, blockchain was highly speculative and some projects only wished to boost the number of followers with little maintenance of the community. Since the days of speculation are gone, developing a community is no longer just counting heads but providing contents of added values and spreading the awareness of these quality contents to more people. This is also why I appeared less in the chat but have published more in-depth articles over the past few months.
Q10: What are the latest updates in terms of business developments? Who are some of your latest business partners?
Let me first talk about the potential effects of the COVID-19 outbreak. Its ramification is of global scale; interestingly, it has an accelerating effect for blockchains since people came to realize that after thrifting on big data and large-scale IT systems, these white elephants did little to present timely, effective, and accurate data. Such inefficiencies have created tremendous challenges for public administration and blockchain is the perfect solution to fill this vacuum.
When it comes to commercialization, as an early entrant, we are happy to share some initial progress with our supporters.
Firstly, related to government affairs, we have business use cases for large business enterprises and governments regarding data management, public governance, and public services.
Secondly, targeting this outbreak, we have proposed a comprehensive 2G solution using blockchain and are in close communications with the government.
Lastly, in terms of management of public assets and finance, we have made some significant attempts to manage assets that were previously overlooked and were unable for financing. Our approach may be used to create financial products for circulation.
Let me give you a concrete example in factory monitoring. During production, with the automated and trustless production of data, the discharge data from the factory will become more reliable. Environment department can then use discharge data collected from automatic devices with little worry that factories have tampered with the data for the sake of avoiding penalties.

FYI

Thanks for reading this summary. QuarkChain always appreciates your support and company.
Website
https://www.quarkchain.io
Telegram
https://t.me/quarkchainio
Twitter
https://twitter.com/Quark_Chain
Medium
https://medium.com/quarkchain-official
Reddit
https://www.reddit.com/quarkchainio/
Facebook
https://www.facebook.com/quarkchainofficial/
Discord
https://discord.me/quarkchain
submitted by QuarkChain to quarkchainio [link] [comments]

My last post here was worth $200,000

Hey reddit - I want you guys to know what a difference this subreddit is making and how powerful it can be. About 3 months ago I developed a HTML5 wallet called BrainControl that got a bit of interest on /bitcoin. I originally made it as part of an application to join Mozilla after my second child turned up, and while it didn't get me the job, it's opened my eyes to just how rapidly bitcoin is growing at the moment and how important it is to keep that momentum going.
With the help of that original BrainControl thread being posted here, I got the attention of 500 Startups, who accepted me as one of the first ever bitcoin projects to go through their accelerator. I've since raised $200,000, deprecated BrainControl and formed neuroware.io inc. Over the next few months I'll be building a bunch of things to help developers get started with their own applications and ideas, and for those that remember the original site the largest hand in bitcoin is back!
I've moved from Malaysia to Silicon Valley and am working alongside some cool startups like bonafide.io (working on fraud prevention), Coinalytics (a new analytics platform), Monetsu, and GogoCoin (Bitcoin giftcards - thanks for all the BTC pizza Tom).
If you want to know more about what I'm doing then you can checkout our blog here. We're open source so any comments or feedback would be very welcome in our early days, I really want this to be a community thing and will be more actively working on that side of things once the product is more mature.
Anyway, seeing as it was you guys who helped get me here, I just wanted to say thank you for your help in motivating me to do something. If it weren't for the community, Bitcoin would never have got this far. We're changing the world here. Let's keep it up.
Thanks reddit :-)
EDIT: Thanks again for all your support reddit, it's really encouraging! I've seen a few comments on here about people with bitcoin projects or ideas and aren't sure how to get them started. There are 3 tech incubators in the Valley that I now know of personally and can actually recommend. Check out:
Each one gives you some capital to get started and will help introduce you to folk.
If I can do it (a shy introverted web designer), you can too. Now go get it!
submitted by m_smalley to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Kin: The Reader's Digest Condensed Version

We all know that Kin is a unique digital currency, that it has value and utility, and that the Kin Ecosystem, currently in development, is going to be big--very big. But let’s look back for a moment. In order to see the scope of what’s happening, and where we’re going, it might be useful to look back, at where we’ve been.
Kin was started by the good folks at KIK Messenger. As Facebook and Google grew to gargantuan proportions, it became obvious to all that the old-school model of Advertisement Placement for monetization was becoming untenable for anyone other than the biggest and most entrenched of companies. Yes, the Facebooks and Googles of the world were doing fine with monetization via advertisements, and were busily scalping data from their users in a feeding frenzy to capitalize on the one asset they could sell… those users’ attention.
While most users thought Facebook was designed to give the social media platform as the product, and that they themselves were the customers, the reality is far different. The truth is that the advertisers were the actual customers, and Facebook users were the actual product. Very much like the Matrix, isn’t it? We are fed a social media mental “pudding,” and in return we give Facebook hours and hours of our attention… which it then sells to the advertisers.
Understandably, this realization came as a shock to those who were able to see and understand this revelation. Many users still do not grasp the reality of the situation, and are happily, mindlessly eating the pudding.
Leaving aside the distasteful mental image this business model give us, it created a problem for up-and-coming, and smaller but established Social Media companies. The smaller SM operations were left in a bit of a financial quandary… advertisers were loathe to spend on smaller platforms, because the reach of the giant platforms was so large and all inclusive. The remainder were basically crumbs on the floor.
From this basic problem… and the ensuing economic reality… came the idea for Kin.
Monetization is a concept that no one really enjoys talking about. For most of us, we’ve come to accept that ads are a necessary evil that we pay attention to in order to receive content; at this point most of us simply grit our teeth and press on. No, I’m never ever going to buy that silly spray to cover up the smell of your poo, but go ahead, play the damned video ad… again. I digress.
But what if there was a way to change the dynamic so that the SM platform user’s attention was no longer the product that got sold to monetize the operation? What if the user could sell his or her OWN attention, and be rewarded thusly? And what if there was a way to compensate developers and businesses who work in the ecosystem for this activity as well?
What if the user actually became a rewarded participant in the engine that generated income? And was even able to generate income for themselves in the process? What if a system was designed to reward users, developers and investors, all at the same time?
This is the basic premise of Kin.
THE GENESIS of KIN
In 2009, Kik Interactive was formed by a group of college students at the University of Waterloo, Canada, in order to create applications for mobile devices and smartphones. Soon thereafter, the Kik Messenger was launched. In it’s first fifteen days, Kik enrolled over one million users. Over the years, Kik has solidified itself as a strong niche player in the messaging app world. Initially, Kik monetized itself by placing advertisements, but realized over time that ad revenue might not be the best way to keep Kik in solvent.
After several years of struggle, Kik embarked on an experiment and instituted a program called “Kik Points.” This program allowed Kik users to participate in a very basic and limited “earn and spend” program. The users would answer surveys, or watch videos, in order to “earn” Kik Points… which they could then spend on in-app programs like sticker packs or emojis. What the Kik folks saw was a very enthusiastic, large group of people working to earn, and then spend Kik Points, in a transactional rate and density that dwarfs that of every cryptocurrency, including Bitcoin.
Kik then knew it was onto something. The team got to work, and after years of design, Kin was born. The Kin token was introduced into the crypto universe through an ICO (initial coin offering).
The Basics of Kin
Kin is the first cryptocurrency designed for mass-adoption and utility. It was engineered, specifically, to act as a currency to be used in millions of daily small and micro-transactions. In other words, it was a coin designed to be “spent” by the masses, not held by speculators.
Kin is designed to reward people for using the coin. The Kin Rewards Engine (KRE) pays Kin to users and developers who contribute to the ecosystem. This does “inflate” the circulating supply of the coin, which in turn keeps the value of the individual coins in check, but in reality this is a core design component of Kin. Kin is designed to grow in value, but is designed to grow more slowly because of the extreme volatility witnessed in the growth of other coins. This kind of volatility would destroy Kin’s ability to be used as a true currency. The KRE serves two purposes, then; to reward those who boost the ecosystem thought their efforts, and to moderate the extreme peaks and valleys that have plagued cryptocurrency since the invention of Bitcoin.
Bitcoin, for example, has morphed into a “store of wealth” rather than an actual usable currency. It is “deflationary” in nature; in other words, the scarcity of it is the sole driver of it’s value. The high cost of Bitcoin transactions, extreme value fluctuations and slow processing speed all hinder its use as a true currency. Additionally, why would someone spend Bitcoin when it may appreciate significantly in a short period of time? We all have heard the story about the two pizzas that were bought with 40,000 BTC… which would make those two pizzas worth over $300 million dollars today. And why would a merchant accept a currency that might lose a large percentage of it’s value very quickly? With a deflationary, speculative currency like Bitcoin, swings of plus or minus 30 to 50% within a few days are not uncommon.
Kin, on the other hand, is designed to be used and spent by millions of users. It’s value will also grow significantly, but that growth will be relatively stable, with few of the huge peaks and valleys we’ve all seen in other cryptocurrencies. This is directly due to the large initial supply of Kin tokens (756 billion) the large maximum supply (10 trillion) and the design of the KRE. Most people with any crypto experience see that 10 trillion figure (the maximum circulating supply of Kin) to be a huge detriment at first blush. This is because they haven’t grasped the need for that many tokens. Looking at it from the perspective of other crypto, 10T coins is a ludicrous, astronomical number of coins. And with any other coin, it would bake no sense.
But Kin is unique. It’s a true currency, not a store of wealth. It is designed to create value growth through usage, not through speculative buying, selling and holding. When Kin reaches mass adoption, the larger supply of coins will keep the price of the coin relatively stable while it grows in value, and will significantly reduce volatility.
Notice that I did not say that the large supply will reduce appreciation; it won’t. That’s because while Kin is designed to be an inexpensive coin, and should never experience the volatility of Bitcoin, that doesn’t mean it won’t gain and accumulate value. It most definitely will. There are no limits to that appreciation, and those who buy Kin now, while the price is well below 1/100ths of a cent, will see significant return on their investment. That opportunity, as significant as it is, is not going to last much longer, and will not be available again.
Kin is designed to go against the “normal” crypto path of pump and dump. It is not designed for arbitrage trading. Again, it is designed for utility, to be earned and spent, unlike most cryptocurrencies.
Kin is designed to be an inflationary coin, not a deflationary coin. In that, I mean that Kin, through the KRE, injects liquidity into the ecosystem and does not appreciate solely due to its scarcity. The KRE rewards those who have significant positive effect on the ecosystem by awarding Kin to those entities or people. If you develop an app that captures people’s imaginations and is wildly successful (think PokemonGo), and you’re using Kin to monetize that app, that effect on the Kin Ecosystem will be greatly rewarded with equivalent Kin. By injecting this liquidity into the ecosystem, the KRE rewards those who make the ecosystem work. This also tends to have an inflationary effect that slows the growth of the coin into a manageable upward trajectory, versus a hyperbolic, exponential increase.
Bitcoin, on the other hand, is deflationary… which means that no new BTC will be brought into the BTC system, and its value is based solely on that perceived scarcity. Since it has no mass adoption or real utility, and it’s value can rise and fall very quickly in large amounts. People buy Bitcoin for two reasons only today; speculation, and movement of fiat currencies into other cryptocurrencies. Speculation is the reason most people get into cryptocurrencies; with the advent of Kin, that will no longer be the case. Once Kin begins mass adoption, the majority of people in cryptocurrencies will be in Kin, and will be using, earning and spending Kin without buying the coin on an exchange. They will not be speculators, they will be users.
Speculation has been the name of the crypto game in the past, of course, but that is about to change. Speculation on crypto will become the minority use case, not the majority. Bitcoin will always have a place, obviously, but can you buy groceries with it? Can you pay your electric bill? Can you go out to eat using Bitcoin? No. Bitcoin will always be the first cryptocurrency, but it is not a mass-adoptable currency with any single, strong use case in its current form. Kin was designed with Bitcoin’s failings in mind.
The question comes up: Will Kin ever be a truly valuable coin, even with a ten trillion coin supply? The answer is an emphatic YES, it will. It will never be a short-term investment; there will be no 10x tomorrow, or 100x next week. But for the patient, the growth is coming. For the long term HODLer, the rewards will be significant indeed.
Let me explain why the Kin Foundation, in designing Kin, chose to make the circulating supply 10 trillion Kin tokens.
Why are there 10 Trillion Kin?
To be a true currency with mass adoption, used by millions of people, there needs to be a large amount of Kin available. Otherwise, in very short order, people would be using Kin in decimals. It was decided that people would rather earn and spend multiples of Kin (i.e., 1000 Kin or 500 Kin) versus decimals of Kin (i.e., 0.0001 Kin or 0.0005 Kin), as is now necessary with Bitcoin, Ethereum and many others. Note that Kin can also be used in decimal divisions, so that in the future, the value of Kin will never be limited by an inability to be used by the decimal.
In order to tamp down the extremely volatile nature of many cryptocurrencies, a larger circulating and available supply is necessary. A balance was found at 10T where the supply is large enough to meet the needs of the millions of users, but was small enough to not interfere with the growth of value in the coin. The Kin Rewards Engine (KRE) is key to this balance. By injecting Kin liquidity into the ecosystem, it rewards those who enable and grow the system, but it also minimizes volatility and keeps value growth down to a sustainable, non-hyperbolic/non-exponential growth curve. In this, it both creates opportunity and eases fears of volatility, for users, developers and merchants alike.
There are currently 756 billion Kin tokens in circulation; most of the remainder are held by the Kin Foundation for their own use, and for rewarding those who enable the ecosystem via the KRE. The KRE is schedule to begin operation in Q3 2018. As the value of Kin appreciates, the number of Kin injected via the KRE will change, though the total value will not. For this reason, the KRE stands to be in operation, injecting liquidity, rewarding innovation and ecosystem enhancement and controlling volatility for many, many years to come.
In the end, 10 trillion coins will not be enough to satisfy the long term needs and desires of the masses. If 50 million people are using Kin, this works out to only 200,000 Kin available per user. Most early adoptecapitalists in the ecosystem hold many, many more than that. This eventual scarcity will drive the value of Kin up significantly; I won’t prognosticate how high. There is, however, no limiting factor. I am very bullish at this prospect… because of the last item, number 5.
Metcalfe's Law shows the correlation between the usage of a telecommunications system, the size of it’s network, and its value. As the number of users grow, this law shows us that there is a direct correlation between the supply, the number of transactions per day, and the approximate value of that coin. This law follows closely the movement of Bitcoin, Ethereum and other cryptocurrency systems, and shows that Kin will benefit from mass adoption and millions of daily transactions from tens or hundreds of millions of users. Without a large supply, this would not be possible.
The design of Kin requires 10 Trillion coins to be available to execute the plan. And the plan is to allow users, developers and investors to all reap the benefits of a vibrant and growing ecosystem. When there are hundreds of millions of users in the ecosystem, the value of Kin will be greater than most people can imagine. It’s an exciting time, to be sure!
So we’ve looked at why the circulating supply is important, and why it’s different from other currencies. Let’s look at the center of why this works, the KRE.
The Kin Rewards Engine: How it will disrupt Social Media monetization
How often do you log onto YouTube, or Facebook, or any other Social Media site, and click on a video you’d like to see? Before the video starts, though, you are forced to watch an advertisement… maybe it’s something you want to know more about, but more often than not, it isn’t.
What if someone was reading your chat messages and saw you were talking about buying new running shoes, and there’s the ad for that, placed right in your face. Currently, the harvesting of your personal and private conversations is real and ongoing… putting that aside (and that’s a wholly different problem that Kin solves), someone is making money by scraping your personal data off of private communications and browsing histories, creating ads that target your interests, and then forcing you to watch those advertisements. A bot is reading your data, intuiting your thoughts, and someone profiting off of you.
George Orwell’s “1984” called this person “Big Brother.”
The KRE puts an end to this exploitative monetization model. The advertiser compensates you directly for viewing that advertisement, or answering that ad, or for playing that game. You can then spend your Kin on spend opportunities like branded Gift Cards from hundreds of big named merchants like Amazon, McDonalds, and Best Buy, or the user can take their Kin to an exchange and sell it for the fiat currency of their choice, US Dollars, Euros, GBP or Yen. You can use your Kin to buy music, to view curated content, or to tip a content provider. Paywalls for online journalism will become a thing of the past.
The KRE will reward the developer or person or company who placed the ad and contributed to the ecosystem. The user is allowed to contribute financially to content they value; instead of having their personal information sold to an advertiser. The user also can benefit financially for their own intellectual efforts and content creation.
Businesses and developers will be able to easily move their Kin to exchanges to trade for fiat currency; this enables them to pay bills and salaries, and reinvest in other parts of their business. This also creates liquidity for exchange trading, which is an important part of the Kin Ecosystem.
In this way, the KRE will rewards users, developers and investors who participate by adding value to the ecosystem. It will be an “open” ecosystem, allowing people to choose their use of Kin, whether it be purchases within apps, soft monetization via giftcards, or hard monetization via exchange trading for fiat currency. It may also become an option for game fans, hobby coders and enthusiasts to produce a living income via Kin.
Why are there two types of Kin?
Initially, Kin was designed to exist on a single blockchain infrastructure, the Ethereum Blockchain. Kin’s ICO was performed on the ETH Blockchain, and all Kin currently available to buy on exchanges are ERC20 tokens, built around Ethereum.
Last year, Ethereum experienced significant delays in transaction times because of a game that had been built on the platform, called “CryptoKitties.” This game became very popular very quickly with Crypto fans, and in their exuberance, their usage crashed the Ethereum platform.
The Kin Foundation realized that Ethereum, in its current form, was neither fast enough, nor robust enough to support the millions of users of Kin. Something had to be done.
The Foundation decided to seek another blockchain for Kin. Something faster, stronger, and secure enough for the millions of users of Kin to have near instantaneous, secure transactions, no matter what. A couple of solutions were found: The Stellar Lumens blockchain (XLM) was chosen because of it’s transaction speed, utility and robust nature, and the Orbs blockchain, which can stand as a replacement if there is a problem with Stellar down the road.
But what about exchanges? Kin on Ethereum can expect to be on many exchanges, and that access to liquidity that is essential to the success of the project. Kin on Lumens or on Orbs wouldn’t have widespread access to exchanges. This was a dilemma, The solution was to create the first ever two-blockchain cryptocurrency.
All Kin bought and sold on exchanges is on the Ethereum blockchain. Kin to be used in the KRE, the Kik app and the Kinit app, and in the remainder of the Kin Ecosystem, will be based on the Stellar Lumens blockchain. The two types of Kin will be functionally identical in value, and freely interchangeable between the two blockchains.
Basically, users will earn and spend Kin (XLM) in the Kin Ecosytem, due to Stellar’s robust design and fast transaction speed, but when they wish to move their Kin to an exchange, their Kin (XLM) will be exchanged for Kin (ETH) on a 1 for 1 basis prior to moving the Kin to the exchange of their choice for trading purposes.
In this way, the needs of all Kin users will be met. And should Stellar be someday unable to meet the demands of mass adoption, the Orbs Blockchain, and others, are available for later development. In any event, this dichotomy of Kin will be mostly transparent to the user, and will not impact the value or the utility of the currency.
The Kin Foundation has developed this dual-blockchain technology so that Kin can become the first mass-adopted, widely used cryptocurrency in the world.
So, how much will Kin be worth?
This is a big question. Many naysayers don’t believe Kin will appreciate significantly because of the large supply. This is based on their past experiences with Cryptos that don’t have utility and are simply speculative in nature. That’s not the case with Kin.
To be completely honest, no one knows how much appreciation Kin will experience, or when it will reach a certain value. Here’s what we do know:
Kin is positioned to be the first mass-adoption cryptocurrency in the world. Today, less than six million people worldwide own or use and cryptocurrency… this is an astonishingly low number. Kik, the messaging app behind Kin, has over 300 million registered users. Kin will be introduced first on the Kik app; Kik app users will have their first opportunities to earn and spend Kin before the end of 2018.
So basically, once Kin is introduced on the Kik app later this year, the number of people using cryptocurrency worldwide will multiply many times. In one day. Kik will introduce crypto to tens of millions of users by the end of the year.
As mentioned before, Metcalfe’s Law shows the relationship between a cryptocurrency value and the usage or transactions conducted by that coin, and the circulating supply. With current supply at 756 billion, and assuming transaction numbers in the 10 million per day range, Kin should be trading at around $0.01 per coin. Remember, however, that the KRE will be raising the circulating supply, and it may take some time to get to 10 million transactions per day. The value of Kin hinges on these numbers. In this, the beginning of the ecosystem, there is no foolproof way to estimate the value of Kin on any certain day.
That said, there is no limit to the value of the coin, over time. None. Not circulating supply, or market capitalization, or anything else. No limit. In a decade, after the ecosystem has matured and is operating solidly, Kin could be worth…. Well, you fill in your own numbers. I have my opinions, and they are not limited by the number of coins, the market cap or anything else designed into the coin. For me, it all hinges on mass adoption and usage.
Partnerships
Kin has inked a number of partnerships that are exciting and will stand the ecosystem well into the future. Two recently announced partnerships are UNITY and BLACKHAWK NETWORK.
UNITY
Unity is the ultimate game development platform. It brings together developers and technical assets in ways that allow the creation of some of the world’s most popular digital games. There were 5 billion downloads of games made with Unity in Q3 2016 alone. Today, games that were made with Unity exist on 2.5 billion unique mobile devices.
App and game developers will be able to insert Kin’s “5 minute SDK” (Software development kit) into the code of their app or game, and be monetizing their efforts with Kin in minutes. This “plug and play” approach makes the Kin Ecosystem and its rewards accessible to almost every developer, without the expense, time and research of developing a cryptocurrency. It truly is bringing cryptocurrency to the masses.
Simply plug the “5 minute SDK” into your code, launch/update it, and within minutes, you’re creating revenue. Your users will also have earn/spend opportunities, and your game/app usage will grow dramatically. No more sharing your revenue with the Apple App Store, or with Google Play Store. This is a huge increase in revenue for developers.
BLACKHAWK
Blackhawk Networks is the leading gift card supplier. Simply put, if you’ve ever used a gift card, it most probably came from Blackhawk Networks; that’s how deep their market goes. Over 250 different branded gift cards will be available for developers to choose from for their users to select, based on their personal knowledge of the demographic. Is your app a traffic or mapping app? Perhaps your users would appreciate being able to earn Kin to buy a Dunkin Donuts cash card. Because, coffee. Is your app a fitness app? Perhaps a Nike gift card is more appropriate. Is it a game geared towards younger users? There’s always McDonalds. A dating app? How about a card for flower delivery?
You can see that the options are endless. And don’t forget, the user AND the developer can choose to move their kin to other apps for other options, or to large cryptocurrency exchanges, where they can exchange their Kin for dollars, euros, etc.
In this way, the ecosystem is enhanced, the cycle begins again, and the KRE continues to reward.
Big Investors
One of the things that first got me excited about Kin was learning that Kik and Kin were heavily invested in by Tencent, the Chinese behemoth company behind WeChat. I travel extensively to China for my day job, and it was an incredible realization to see that most Chinese don’t carry paper currency anymore. Hundreds of millions of Chinese use WeChat every day to purchase everyday things like food, movies, clothing and the like. WeChat connects to the user’s bank account, and instantaneously debits the accounts when the user makes a purchase. Many retail outlets and vending machines in China no longer accept credit cards, and fiat purchases are dwindling in number.
Tencent’s interest in Kin is significant. Imagine Kik, using Kin, evolving into something similar… with hundreds of millions of people using Kin to conduct a significant amount of the economic transactions in their daily life! The adoption and utility numbers are mind boggling.
Additionally, there are a number of heavy hitters in the Crypto space investment community. Union Square Ventures (USV) is an investment fund that has bet heavily on Kik, and thereby, on Kin. Other investments from USV include CoinBase, Koko, DuckDuckGo, CodeAcademy, DuoLingo, Wattpad, SoundCloud, Foresquare, Kickstarter, Meetup, Etsy, Disqus, Tumblr, Twitter and Zynga. As you can see, Kin is extremely well positioned, and the monetization opportunity Kin represents for these companies is being explored.
Wrapping it all up in a big red bow…
The TL;DR version is this: Kin is poised to become the most used cryptocurrency in existence in 2018. As the KRE comes online, Kin is introduced to the Kik Community, the discrete Kin app (Kinit App) is released, the 5-minute SDK is finalized, more partnerships come online, more and major exchanges offer Kin trading, and word spreads, expect the value of Kin to begin growing significantly.
Kin currently sits near the bottom of the top 100 cryptocurrencies in terms of market capitalization, but the expectation is that Kin will rise towards the top of the top 100 in short order. As the value increases, so does market cap. Don’t make the mistake of thinking market capitalization limits the growth of Kin in any way; it will be the usage and mass adoption that will grow the value.
As the crypto market recovers from the last few months, look for Kin to accelerate its growth as more partnerships and exchanges are announced. Once the KRE begins operations, the value of Kin will grow more quickly. I do not expect Kin ever be worth less than it is right now.
The future for Kin is extremely bright. The Kin Foundation has much work left to do, but they are up to the task. Stay informed, and make sure your portfolio has Kin in it!
submitted by hiker2mtn to KinFoundation [link] [comments]

ELONCITY ADVISORS

ELONCITY ADVISORS
ADVISORS
Howard Choy -, Local Government, and Public Agencies Howard led the Office of Sustainability in Los Angeles County to develop and manage energy and environmental programs for both municipal operations and in the Los Angeles County region. The Office manages the County’s $200 million annual energy/ utility budget for internal operations, energy efficiency programs, and power generation facilities.
Michael Yuan - Michael received a Ph.D. in Astrophysics from the University of Texas at Austin. He is the author of 5 books on software development, published by Prentice Hall, Addison-Wesley, and O’Reilly. Michael was an active code committer in large Open Source projects such as Firefox, Fedora, JBoss, and others. He is an expert on enterprise and mobile software and a Principal Investigator on multiple research projects supported by the US government funds.
Bryan Allen - Beginning in 1987, Bryan began working at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. He won three major aviation prizes and is the owner of 22 world aviation records, four that are still current. He is delighted that the home he shares with his wife has three plug-and-play solar panels, two iCANs, and a monthly electricity bill below $20 per month.
Enso Li -, DC Power System Enso is the chief architect of Tencent Data Center and has a rich experience in 240V high-voltage direct current, data center methodology, modular data center, Rack Server and lithium battery. He has nearly 20 patents and has published more than 20 papers and books.
Haifeng Qu - The vice chairperson of Communications and Information Technology Committee of the China Engineering Construction Standardization Association and participates in the formulation of China’s data center industry standards. has also long served IDC and ISP companies.
Robert Fortunato -, Net-Zero-Energy Robert designed award-winning Green Idea House, one of the first affordable, net zero energy, zero carbon case study houses built with standard construction materials and off-the-shelf technologies. He is a frequent guest lecturer in Pepperdine’s MBA Program. Most recently he is working at the LA Cleantech Incubator, coaching startups and developing the strategy in their built environment space.
Robert Mao - Robert Mao, Founder, and CEO of ArcBlock, Inc., are a serial entrepreneur and innovator. Mao’s projects and activities have been covered widely by global news media, including TechCrunch, CNN, USA Today, and other outlets. Mao was introduced to Bitcoin in 2009 and has been researching and experimenting with blockchain technology since 2013. He has spoken about cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology at events around the world.
Chris Whalley - Mechanical Engineer and Call Firefighter living in Topanga Canyon, California. His primary interest is now focused on low impact living strategies. Chris is looking forward to eliminating his family’s fossil fuel use by getting an electric dirt bike and someday converting his 4x4 for EV camping trips. He has been using the iCAN since October 2016 and sees residential energy storage as one of the important technologies to make the electric lifestyle easy, economical and fun.
Kelvin Xu - Kelvin is the VP of software of RiC Semiconductor with rich experiences of the 3D facial recognition and RF radar for autonomous driving. He held Sr. software positions in S&P 500 companies (Bell Canada, Nortel, Alcatel, Fujitsu) as well as startups. His expertise includes: AI, Blockchain, Big Data, IoT, network security, wireless and optical communication. Mr. Xu holds multiple US patents in wireless, IoT, and optics communication. Mr. Xu holds M.Sc. degree from McGill University and B.Sc. degree from University of Science and Technology of China in GeoPhysics.
Jasmine Zhang - Jasmine currently works as a Key Account Director at NVIDIA in their Beijing office where she manages three major accounts, comprising a market cap of $20-50B each, to accelerate the enterprise AI adoption and coordination with OEM partners on product and service delivery. Prior to her role at NVIDIA, Jasmine was a Managing Consultant with IBM Global Services where she drove the IBM smart grid global initiatives in China. As a private consultant she also advised the CEO of China’s State Power Group Co. on growth opportunities and strategic planning in the electronic vehicles market. Jasmine earned an MBA in Strategy and Marketing, as well as a MS in Global Sustainable Enterprises from the University of Michigan.
submitted by shenali to Eloncity [link] [comments]

0xBitcoin (0xBTC) nVidia CUDA Miner, Pre-Built for Windows and Instructions. Newbie-friendly!

** PLEASE READ THE README! See the end of this post for more troubleshooting tips! Thanks! **
NOTE: I've retracted build TOFU-RC1.1 because of an issue communicating shares to the pool. I'll put another build together for Windows X64, and any info you will need to run it, once we figure out what the issue is. Thanks for your patience! RC1 does not show a hashrate report, but you can verify your approx. hashrate on the TMP pool's stats page.
** This build brings CUDA mining functionality from Linux to Windows X64 users. I tried to make it as easy to set up as possible. This is still software in-the-works, so please report any problems you might have here or at the Discord so we can figure them out! Thanks! **
Here's my attempt at making the CUDA miner work on Windows, and making it as painless as I can! Hopefully this is fairly "plug and play". :) I also added some functionality. I hope you guys like it! The enclosed README.txt should explain how to run and use it and solutions to some common problems.
Build Mag517-RC1 for Windows X64: https://drive.google.com/open?id=1QWF_S7mfLGDk2YARC1ZZBYkmpqILLr0h
I am going to commit my changes to the GitHub, once I set it up.
Hurrah to the whole OPEN SOURCE 0xBitcoin miner team on the Discord! Including Infernal Toast, Mikers, @0x1d00ffff, developers of code this project is based on, coder of the original CPU miner and 1000x "Kaio-Ken" version... plus everyone else who knows who they are!
Good Luck! May I suggest we join forces and point our miners at the TMP pool for the time being: http://tokenminingpool.com:8586 so that we can get some blocks and give PizzaPool some competition, with lower-fee pools and open-source, community supported miners. Let's take back the game! ;)
Donations [ETH/0xBTC] welcome! Help my broke ass buy groceries. 0xa8b8ea4C083890833f24817b4657888431486444
TROUBLESHOOTING TIPS:

INTENSITY

Is your machine's GUI too slow when mining? Try reducing intensity with the Block and Thread settings (Read on), turn off Hardware Acceleration in Windows and applications like FireFox, Chrome and Discord to make them draw with the CPU more, not the busy GPU.
If you want it buttery-smooth, boot up with your monitor connected to a separate graphics card and mine on the non-display adapter. If your CPU has on-chip graphics, you can probably hook up to your motherboard's video output (not your graphics card's). Make sure the processor or onboard graphics are enabled and set as default in your BIOS/UEFI setup.
THE WINDOW CLOSES IMMEDIATELY
This is a command-line miner, so you must run it in a command prompt / powershell to see any output if it closes prematurely. Most often, the error you're looking at is the next one:

I GET A WEIRD DEPENDENCY ERROR, LOTS OF .JS STUFF

Make sure you have CUDA v9.1 or latest installed. Install the patches that are on the same download page after you install the main package. Make sure the paths have been added to your Environment Variables in the System Control Panel, Advanced Settings. Reboot or at least log out and back in to apply the new paths before running the miner.

WANT TO MINE WITH MORE THAN ONE GPU?

Remove an SLI or Crossfire bridge, if present. Disable SLI/Crossfire. Rename the EXE file to something else. Run both instances and use the nVidia Control Panel (right-click Desktop, nVidia option) to configure which card should run which process. This neat trick was discovered by @DigitalApathy on the Discord server!

KERNEL FAILS TO LAUNCH

Investigate the reported error, if any. This is most often caused by too high Block / Thread settings. It can also mean the GPU is busy, as in the miner did not gracefully close and release the device. Reboot or otherwise reset the card via software.
POOL NOTE: I strongly recommend the use of TokenMiningPool and 0xPool as of 03.10.2018. This is so that we can build up a large enough hashpower to compete with the Pizza Pool (closed-source mining pool with DevFees.) Right now, PizzaPool is getting most of the blocks and the community pools aren't getting a fair shake. Let's join forces on TMP and 0xPool!
Enjoy! - Lt. Tofu
submitted by LieutenantTofu to 0xbitcoin [link] [comments]

The myth of market cap

Here I hope to highlight the complete fallacy of using the Market Cap for anything useful, particularly predicting future maximums, or even as a cross-crypto comparative tool.
Disclaimer: As always, all of this is my opinion, so if you take issue with any of my statements, find the data to refute me, but don't expect me to 'jump' to your commands of 'prove it'.
First, what is the definition of Market Cap? It's: (number of coins) TIMES (current price per coin)
That's it. This simple formula, probably because of its simplicity, has lead to a rabid adoption by the general masses as some form of meaningful indicator. No serious investor acknowledges this sensationalist figure for technical analysis purposes, with perhaps the exception of its psychological effects on inexperienced traders.
At this time, it's arguable that most of the money that sits in crypto is speculative, meaning investors hoping for the value to increase, as opposed to actually using the coin for transfer of value (purchases, etc.). This pool of speculative investor money is approaching maturity in that the cat is out of the bag for the most part so most potential crypto investors have already positioned themselves in the market, thus the early phenomenal historical gains of the past years, are unlikely to be reproduced by speculation money alone, simply because those gains were mostly due to the increasing awareness of crypto. Therefore, the pool of crypto value, while still growing substantically and crypto investing continues its mainstream adoption, isn't going to grow exponentially until a categorically new infusion of wealth presents itself. For the time being, this only really leaves opportunity for speculator sentiment to 'shift' wealth to the latest and greatest crypto, but the total real wealth increase has slowed.
Back to Market Cap. I wish to dispel the two notions I mentioned earlier:
1) Myth: Each coin's Market Cap can be used to compare against each other
The problem with the Market Cap formula is it attempts to answer a very complex question with too few variables; that question being, "what is the relative value of this coin to its maximum value?" Tricky question, because few people ask the question, "what decides the maximum value?" Time and time again, many people will erroneously use the leading coin's (Bitcoin) market cap as some sort of indicator of maximum market cap value for any other coin. How does this make any sense? Particularly if the coins are for completely different use cases. Why does Bitcoin's market cap have any relevance to Ethereum's, or Ripple's? Well, it doesn't, whatsoever; but, this is the psychological barrier put in place, presumably from instinctual impetus given that we see Bitcoin all grown up, so Bitcoin's siblings can't get much bigger right? They're not kids, so the first step to clearing the nonsense of Market Cap from your mind, is that one coin's market cap has anything to do with another coin's, for the same reason your kid went to college while the neighbor's kid smoked pot all day.
2) Myth: Market Cap can be used to predict maximum value
Here's the really tricky part, and will form the remainder of this explanation. First, these are the important data points that need to be considered:
All play a part in the current value of a coin. Without using all these factors involved in calculating the potential maximum price for a coin, you end up with gibberish, so let's try to put some real values at work for Ripple. These figures are very very rough, just to demonstrate their relationship, not actually predict a value.
Couple things I wish to point out here. First, why would I say $1 billion market penetration when billions can trade in a single day on exchanges? Well, if I give you $20, and you give me back $20, do I have $40 bucks now? No, of course not. That's why you have to pick a point in time that asks, how much XRP is being utilized for a purpose at this exact second, similarly to how an exchange determines value, point in time. That's why I chose $1 billion (a completely subjective number of course, plug in whatever you want).
Second, the last parameter "market penetration" MUST be entirely compensated for by the total value of all the "utilized coins" simply because inactive/destroyed/locked coins don't contribute to the facilitating of the market penetration, only the utilized coins can do that. In other words, none of the other values matter. Therefore, the value of XRP = (market penetration) DIVIDED BY (# of utilized coins). In real numbers: $1 billion DIVIDED BY 5 billion coins = 0.20 cents per coin. Coincidence?? (Not really, I massaged the numbers of course).
What does this all mean for market cap?
Who gives a damn what 100 billion total coins TIMES 20 cents equals, it's meaningless. The value of XRP only depends on the market penetration and the number of coins that can be utilized. That's it. The meaningful calculation for coin cap valuation can only be 5 billion * 20 cents = $1 billion dollars (again, plug in your own numbers), a far cry from the insane $9 billion bloated figure everyone is using.
Now that we've eliminated the gross exaggeration of XRP market cap, the even trickier part becomes determining market penetration maximums. It's easy to say, well, SWIFT transfers trillions of dollars per year. So what! It's completely irrelevant what happens over a year. What is relevant is how much money is in transit at any given point in time. Let's say $500 million for fun. That means if SWIFT was replaced with XRP, then at any given moment, $500 million worth of XRP would be in use. This would add further demand on the 5 billion utilized coins, so add $500 million DIVIDED BY 5 billion utilized coins = 10 cents to XRP's value, for a total of 30 cents. Not what you were hoping for? But wait, there's more...
Replacing SWIFT in my mind, is a credibility strategy by Ripple, not necessarily its golden egg. Once XRP gets this exposure, it will have its foot in the door and XRP will rapidly cascade into literally every other use case (of which there are infinite) that money itself currently faciilties, and at the same time radically accelerating each of those paradigms, and creating so many new ones we have yet to conceive because old-fashioned money couldn't support new ideas. Let's look at a few others:
RETAIL: Who wouldn't want to aim their smartphone camera at an on-screen QR code at the cash register, and then be done. No more credit cards, no more remembering dozens of PINs and passwords, no more trying to re-activate your credit card from suspected fraudulent activity because the banks are knee-jerking at your irregular purchase of a smoothie. To hell with banks. Click, done. Gazillions of dollars. This is a much larger market than SWIFT in my opinion, solely based on the frequency of transactions that will require much more overall XRP to be in flight at any given moment. VISA, the writing is on the wall buddy...
ADOPTION: Imagine when people, businesses, governments even, stop always converting back to fiat and just staying in XRP. This becomes the 'currency flight' turning point, and valuation will go into the hundreds to billions (DIVIDED by the number of utilized coins). Multiple dollars per coin. EDIT: a lot of people misunderstand this statement as replacing fiat altogether, that's not where I was going with it. It just means they are increasingly using it, and it just makes sense to hang onto XRP instead of quickly in-and-out
LENDING: Here's where solid figures go out the door. With solid reserve lending laws already in place, and if adoption is widespread, more and more XRP will be needed, and that need magnified by the banks tendency to lend wealth they don't actually have (mortgages? CDOs anyone?).
INVESTING: If you think lending is big, how about the huge margin investing that we've seen in investment firms. It get's maniacal
EMERGING COMMERCE: Micropayments, robotic payments, and completely unknown revenue streams that couldn't exist without XRP, much like Uber couldn't exist without smartphones.
SPECULATION: Riding on top of it all, there are people that understand the above, and will be in early, and accordingly the price will ride the speculative bubble before these ideas are set in stone, so theoretically, the price of XRP will perpetually be artificially inflated in anticipation of its eventual justification as the new markets embrace it.
Suffice it to say, that the demand for XRP can easily eek into the trillions, even quadrillions, which DIVIDED by 5 billion, is many thousands of dollars per XRP.
However dreamy and seemingly impossible these figures appear, that my friends is the potential market for XRP, beyond comprehension. So take your market cap and toss it in the garbage where it belongs. Will it hit any of these values? Who knows.. but what's important to recognize is that XRP doesn't answer to stupidity like: A TIMES B EQUALS Maximum, nor does it answer to Bitcoin, or SWIFT, or even the entire wealth of the world; it makes its own value.
submitted by justin_kim to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Bitwage & the future of payroll using bitcoin  TheProtocol.TV LinkedAge Pitch @ Axel Springer Plug and Play Demo Day Plug and Play Tech Center - YouTube Balaji Srinivasan of 21 Inc. headlines Sunnyvale's Bitcoin Job Fair Plug and Play  Payal Patel on Oil & Gas Startups

The shipping and logistics giant, Maersk has partnered with Ericsson and Plug and Play accelerator to launch supply chain and logistics accelerator. Plug and Play Bitcoin provides seed-funding, mentorship and acceleration to startups and first-time entrepreneurs to help them bring to market the next disruptive solution for the growing worldwide economy. Our global network of advisors & mentors help startups further their product development & prepare them to present to Silicon Valley's top investors. However, Plug and Play and the Corporate Sponsors agree that they shall not use code from your pre-existing software applications that you demo for Plug and Play or the Corporate Sponsors as part of the Program. Given that you agree to not disclose to Plug & Play and the Corporate Sponsors any confidential or proprietary information, you acknowledge that Plug and Play and the Corporate ... The Plug and Play Tech Center, yet another accelerator program, is searching for bitcoin-related startups in Silicon Valley, with ambitions to fund bitcoin startups all over the globe. The company ... Plug and Play Tech Center is launching an accelerator program exclusively for Bitcoin startups, and it's making other investments in the Bitcoin space as well.

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Bitwage & the future of payroll using bitcoin TheProtocol.TV

At Plug and Play, we learned early on that accelerators could be do so much more for startups. We spent the last few years entirely redefining what startup acceleration means. The Bit Kit is the easiest way to mine bitcoin. Just plug it in and turn it on. Watch your bitcoin grow! Bitwage is building a bitcoin payroll system that breaks down borders and enables anyone around the world to engage in a global workforce. This Plug and Play Accelerator company uses the Bitcoin ... LinkedAge pitch during the demo day from Axel Springer Plug and Play. #aspnp #LinkedAge #bitcoin Axel Springer Plug and Play is an accelerator that helps #startups to work on ideas. There are ... Plug and Play Tech Center is a global accelerator that specializes in growing tech startups. Headquartered in Sunnyvale California, Plug and Play’s network includes over 300 tech startups, 180 ...

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